MANAGEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AHD HEALTH AT STATE LEVEL

 

 

Management of Safety and Health at the state level is more complex than at the unit level. At unit level, the problems are relatively simple and unit specific depending upon the type of industry. However, at the state level management of safety and health is not unit or industry specific and the instruments such as policies, legislation, etc. are required to be more comprehensive to take care of safety and health issues in all type of occupations. Apart from the Factories Act, 1948, there are other legislations for providing a better work environment, safety, health and welfare facilities. These legislations are enforced by various state government agencies such as Directorates of Factories and Boilers, Labour Commissioner, etc.

 

Education and training plays an important role in management of safety and health at state level and thus cannot be neglected. Non-government organizations (NGOs), voluntary organizations, institutions and agencies engaged in safety and health are contributing in their own way towards the objective for giving the workers a safe and healthy work environment.

 

Safety and health at work is governed by variety of statutes in the state depending on the nature of work place, manufacturing activity and specific aspect of safety and health. Some of the important statutes are given below:

 

1.                 The Factories Act, 1948

2.                 The Maharashtra Factories Rules, 1963

3.                 The Maharashtra Safety Officers (Duties, Qualifications and Conditions of Service) Rules, 1982.

4.                 The Maharashtra Welfare officers (Duties, Qualifications and Conditions of Service) Rules, 1966.

5.                 The Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act, 1983.

6.                 Bombay Shops and Establishment Act.

7.                 Industrial Dispute Act, 1947

8.                 Fatal Accident Act, 1855.

9.                 Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948

10.            Employees' Liability Act, 1938

11.            Gas Cylinder Rules, 1981

12.            Insecticide Act, 1968, with Rules, 1971

13.            Static and Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 1981

14.            The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986.

15.            The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989, Amended in 1994, 2000 & 2001

16.            The Maharashtra Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazard Rules, 2003

17.            The Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning & Preparedness) Rules, 1996.

18.            The Environment Protection Act, 1986.

 

There are different departments of Central Government and State Government entrusted with the responsibility of enforcement of these statutes. The efforts of the enforcement agencies are also supplemented by other organizations such as training and research institutions, employers' associations, employees associations, etc. in promoting occupational safety and health in the state.

 

8.1             DIRECTORATE OF INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND HEALTH, (DISH) MAHARASHTRA STATE

 

This Directorate, under the Department of Labour and Rehabilitation at State Secretariat is looking after safety, health and environment of workers employed in factories. The Directorate is headed by the Chief Inspector of Factories called Director. In the state of Maharashtra, the Factories are under the same Directorate like many other states in the country where the Boilers are looked after by the Chief Inspector of Boilers and the Factories are looked after by the Chief Inspector of Factories. Thus in the State of Maharashtra, the Directorate of Factories have to look after the enforcement of Factories Act, 1948. The Inspectors (now called as Assistant Directors, Deputy Directors and Joint Directors) with mechanical and other engineering/medical background are also Factory Inspectors.

 

8.1.1       Infrastructure Facilities

 

The Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health has set up an Industrial Hygiene Laboratory in 1952 for imparting safety and health data of samples collected in industries. The laboratory is equipped with equipment and accessories for carrying out ventilation study, noise study, illumination study, heat stress and to carry out the complete chemical analysis of samples of dust, chemicals and other pollutants from samples collected in industries. .

 

8.1.2       Employment and Area Covered

 

The DISH is having a strength of 97 personnel as given in the organization chart (enclosed) and the whole State of Maharashtra is under the jurisdiction of this Directorate.

 

The Head office of the DISH is at Mumbai and the Regional Offices are at Nagpur, Thane, Kalyan, Vasai, Panvel, Nashik, Pune, Aurangabad, Kolhapur and Akola. The District Offices are at Satara, Sangli, Solapur, Ahmednagar, Nanded, Dhule, Jalgaon, Bhandara, Chandrapur and Amaravati.

 

8.1.3       Strength of the Inspectorate

 

The Directorate is manned by 97 personnel out of 137 sanctioned strength as given below:

 

Director (DISH)                                             01

Addl. Director                                                01

Joint Director                                                 12

Dy. Director                                                   35

Asstt. Director                                               39

Medical Inspector of Factories                    01

Certifying Surgeons Industrial                      01

Hygiene Staff Industrial                                 06

Hygiene Lab.                                                 01

 

Total               97

 

The Department functions under the Secretary (Labour) who reports to the Hon. Labour Minister of the State of Maharashtra.

 

8.1.4       Main functions of the DISH

 

Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health (DISH) is a statutory Government Body entrusted with the Enforcement of the Factories Act, 1948 and the Maharashtra Factories Rules, 1963, along with and the rules under the Environment Protection Act and rules made there-under:

 

a)                  Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989

b)                  Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1986.

 

Workmen Compensation Act, 1923.

 

The Factories Act, 1948 mainly aims at regulating the working conditions in factories, which embrace inter-alia, safety, health and welfare aspects.

 

The Department is headed by the Director of Factories, who reports directly to the Secretary (Factories).

 

The different activities undertaken by the Directorate are given below:

 

 

8.1.4.1Inspection and Prosecution

 

23471 Inspections were carried out, which include hazardous and non ­hazardous factories. 777 prosecutions were launched during the year 2001 and 497 factories prosecuted.

 

8.1.4.2Important Activities in 2001

 

Factories Registered by 2001

U/S 2 m(i)

 

22398

U/S 2 m(ii)

 

276

U/S 85

 

10722

 

Total

33,396

Working Factories By 2001

U/S 2 m(i)

 

19906

U/S 2 m(ii)

 

204

U/S 85

 

8214

 

Total

28,324

 

*       As on December, 2001, the total registered factories were 33,396, wherein total working factories were 28,324 and workers employed daily were 1201000.

 

*       Incidence rate of accidents per 1000 workers employed in factories during the year 2000 was 12.50 (Provisional) as compared to the national level of 10.93 (P).

 

*       Various Surveys were conducted under the Industrial Hygiene Surveillance activity undertaken by the department.

 

*       Visited and Medical checks of 9179 factory workers were conducted in 180 factories during the year 2001 under the Occupational Health Surveillance programme.

 

8.1.4.3Promotional Activities

 

a)         Safety - Various training programmes/seminar, etc. were organized to the help of Safety Committee.

 

       Training Programmes/Seminars during the year 2001

No. of safety seminars organized

16

No. of participants

1149

No. of factories where safety training programmes were organized

67

No. of participants

1600

 

 

 

 

                                   

 

 

                                   

b)         Major Accident Hazard Control - Updating On-site plans/Disaster Crisis Group meetings/2nd Environment Committee Meeting.

 

c)          Small Scale Industries - Regular meetings are held with SSIs/ Associations and a number of other organizations for assistance to SSIs.

 

d)         Safety Awards - A number of programmes are conducted for Safety Award functions and Safety Awards are awarded to industries.

 

Other Activities in 2001

 

As per Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rule 1996, Crisis Group at 6 state, district and local levels are prepared and mock drills of such plans are conducted regularly. The DISH has promoted the MARG in Bhandup, Mulund, Thane, Navi Mumbai, Tarapur, Kalyan, and Raigad areas. Awareness and preparedness training programs are conducted through MARG regularly for taking action in the event of any chemical accident.

 

8.1.5       Inspection Activities

 

Although the Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health is an enforcing agency, it has been observed that the stress of the department is more on the implementation and training front rather than enforcement. However, 23471 factories were inspected. Number of inspections and visits to MAH factories during the year is 358.

 

8.1.6       Prosecutions and Convictions

 

The Chapter 10 of the Factories Act provides for penalties and procedures for violation of the provisions. The analysis shows that prosecutions have been carried out under Section 92 of the Factories Act. The Section 92 of the Factories Act speaks about the general penalties for offences.

 

There were 770 prosecutions under section 92. 3309 cases were pending from the previous year while 280 cases were decided and 236 were convicted finally with an imposition of Penalty of Rs.1351 000/- which goes towards State income.

 

Under Section 92 of the Factories Act Penal Cases:

 

Pending from the previous year                  3309

Launched during 2001                                 770

Decided during the year                               280

Convicted during the year                            236

 

Total Penalty Imposed                              Rs. 1351000/­-

 

 

8.2             OFFICE OF THE LABOUR COMMISSIONER

 

8.2.1       Objectives

 

The office of the Commissioner, Labour is assigned with the duties and functions relating to Industrial Relations, Labour Welfare, Enforcement of Labour Legislative besides Implementation of Labour Welfare and Social Security Schemes. The officials in the Labour Department are also appointed and declared as authorities performing quasi-judicial executive functions under various Labour Legislations of both the Central and State Government.

 

8.2.2       Functions

 

In order to achieve the aims and objectives, the office ensures administration of balanced industrial relations, strict enforcement of Labour Legislation, ensuring welfare benefits under the statute to workmen in both organized and unorganized sector equally, timely revision of minimum rates of wages in Scheduled Employment and their proper enforcement.

 

8.3             MAHARASHTRA STATE POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD

 

8.3.1    The Indian economy has grown at a rapid pace during the last few decades with industry as an important constituent of growth. At the same time the natural environment is being damaged by extensive pollution by industries, vehicle traffic, deforestation, etc. To look after the environmental problems the Government of Maharashtra has created a separate department for Environment in 1985. However, well before that "Maharashtra Pollution Control Board" constituted in 1970 under "Maharashtra Prevention of Water Pollution Act, 1969" has been in force to look after the environmental problems in the State.

 

The Board is in the State regularly monitoring environmental water quality of main rivers every month at 38 locations under Global Environmental Monitoring System (GEMS) & Monitoring of Indian National Aquatic Resources (MINARS) projects. Out of these 38 locations, at 15 locations the water quality is found to be deteriorated during the year 2001-02. The Board has also monitored the overall environmental quality at 177 other locations out of which at 62 locations the water quality was deteriorated, since Bio-oxygen Demand (BOI) was exceeding the limits. The main reasons for this are discharge of domestic effluent in the river without treatment and very limited flow in the river after monsoon.

 

The ambient air quality in Brihanmumbai is monitored by Municipal Corporation of Brihanmumbai at 6 locations. It has been decided to monitor at 26 stations under the project National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring (NAAQM) in the state. Out of these Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) is monitoring air quality at 5 occasions, the remaining 21 stations are monitored by the educational institutes.  During 2001-02, at 2 locations, NOx concentration was found above the standard and at 6 locations SPM level (Suspended Particulate Matter) was found above the standard

 

The Government of India has recently enacted bio-medical (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and Government of Maharashtra has appointed Maharashtra Pollution Control Board as its implementing authority. The board has already started preparing inventory of bio-medical waste generating hospitals/ medical institutions. Till the end of March, 2002, the board has given authorization to 743 medical institutions.

 

For proper and planned industrialization, work of preparation of zoning atlas is undertaken by Maharashtra Pollution Control Board in association with Central Pollution Control Board. Zoning atlas work for Ratnagiri district is now completed and for Aurangabad and Pune districts, is in final stages and is expected to be completed by March, 2003.

 

The board collects data on various aspects of water and air pollution from all major establishments in the state and regularly monitors them. During 2001-02, under ‘Water and Air Pollution Act’ the board has issued 8976 consents to various industries to establish or expand as against 7430 consents issued during 200-01. As per the provision under the Act, the board collect water cess from the specified industries and local bodies on the basis of consumption of water. Amount of Rs. 6.45 crore and Rs. 12.67 crore was collected as water cess during the year 200-01 and 2001-02, respectively.

 

The board monitors the polluting industries for their pollution control operations and action is taken against defaulters. The information regarding the details of legal action taken against defaulting industries is given in table below:

 

Year

Number of legal actions under section

33A of Water (P&CP) Act, 1974

31A of Air (P&CP) Act, 1981

Proposed

Final

Proposed

Final

1998-99

311

124

39

16

1999-00

302

230

69

36

2000-01

317

136

35

5

2001-02

298

67

103

20

 

 

8.3.2       Activities of the Board Including Various Functions:

 

Functions Performed under the Act: The functions of the State Board as specified in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981:

 

Functions under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974:

a)                  to plan a comprehensive programme for the prevention, control or abatement of pollution of streams and wells in the State and to secure the execution thereof;

b)                  to advice the State Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or abatement of water pollution;

 

c)                   to collect and disseminate information relating to water pollution and the prevention, control or abatement thereof;

 

d)                  to encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems of water pollution and prevention, control or abatement of water pollution;

 

e)                  to collaborate with the Central Board in organizing the training of persons engaged or to the engaged in programmes relating to prevention, control or abatement of water pollution and to organize mass education programmes relating thereto;

 

f)                     sewage and trade effluents and to review plants, specifications or other data relating to plants set up for the treatment of water, works for the purification thereof and the system for the disposal of sewage or trade effluents or in connection with the grant of consent as required by this Act;

 

g)                  to lay down, modify or annual effluent standards for the sewage and trade effluents and for the quality of receiving waters (not being water in an interstate stream) resulting from the discharge of effluents and to classify waters of the State;

 

h)                   for the prevention, control or abatement of discharge of waste into streams or wells;

 

i)                     to advise the State Government with respect to the location of any industry the carrying on of which is likely to pollute a stream or well;

 

j)                     to perform such other functions as may be prescribed or may, from time to time, be entrusted to it by the Central Board or the State Government.

 

Functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981:

a)                  to plan a comprehensive programme for the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution and to secure the execution thereof;

b)                  to advise the State Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control, or abatement of air pollution;

 

c)                   to collect and disseminate information relating to air pollution;

 

d)                  to collaborate with the Central Board in organizing the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programmes relating to prevention, control or abatement of air pollution and to organize mass education programme relating thereof;

 

e)                to inspect, at all reasonable times, any control equipment, the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution in such areas the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution in such areas; such directions to such persons as it may consider necessary to take steps for the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution;

 

f)                   to advise the State Government with respect to the suitability of any premises or location for carrying on any industry which is likely to cause air pollution.

 

8.3.3       Objectives and Approach:

 

The functions listed above are directed towards the effective control of water and air pollution and thus to maintain and restore, wherever necessary the wholesomeness of water for various designated best uses and to preserve the quality of air as per requirement of ambient air quality. The Goa State Pollution Control Board aims to achieve these objectives through:

 

-           Control on quality effluents and emissions from existing industrial units by periodical analysis of their effluent and emission samples.

 

-           Maintain suitable industrial development by selecting non-polluting industries and the industries with effective effluent treatment arrangements.

 

-           Developing Data Base to prepare water use and water quality maps and air quality zoning.

 

 

8.4             DIRECTORATE OF INDUSTRIES AND MINES

 

8.4.1       Small Scale Industries (SSI) :

 

The SSI sector is a vital segment of the economy, contributing substantially in the form of production, employment and export. This sector creates large employment opportunities in low capital cost. For speedy growth of SSI sector in the state, the Government, has already brought about simplifications in the SSI registration procedures. The investment limit for SSI units has been reduced from Rs.3 crore to Rs.1 crore. For tiny sector, this limit has been increased from Rs.5 lakh to Rs.2 lakh. For small-scale service and business enterprises sector, the investment limit has been increased upto Rs.1303 lakh. The composite term loan limit for SSI units has been increased from RS.2 lakh to Rs.5 lakh. The investment limit for SSI units in the category of hand tools and hosiery has been enhanced upto Rs.5 crore. The total number of SSI units in the state as on 30th November, 2002 was 3.71 lakh. The total capital investment and employment therein at the time of registration was Rs.868 crore and 26.98 lakh, respectively.

 

8.4.2       Minerals:

 

The potential mineral bearing area in the state is about 58 thousand sq. km. (i. e. about 19 per cent of the total geographical area of the state) which is mainly concentrated in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Nagpur, Yavatmal, Kolhapur, Satara, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and Thane. The major minerals found in the state according to their production are coal, limestone, bauxite, manganese ore, silica sand and laterite. The details of production of major minerals in the state during 2001-02 are given in the following table:

 

Major minerals

Production (in lakh tones)

Percentage increase/

decrease over the previous year

Coal

308.30

7.2

Laterite

1.17

41.0

Manganese ore

3.88

6.9

Bauxite

10.78

5.0

Silica sand

1.25

(-)25.6

Limestone

62.49

3.0

 

During the year 2001-02, the total value of minerals production in the state was Rs.2402 crore showing increase of 7.2 per cent over the previous year. The value (Rs.2,254 crore) of coal extracted during 2001-02 accounted 94 per cent of the total value of minerals extracted.

 

8.5       MAHARASHTRA STATE TEXTILE CORPORATION

 

The Maharashtra State Textile Corporation (MSTC) was incorporated in the State in the year 1966. The Government of Maharashtra has decided in January, 2001 to closing down the textile mills run by the MSTC owing to heavy losses incurred by them. Up-to the end of December, 2002, six mills are closed and now three mills are with the MSTC. The labour component of the mills with the MSTC was 3,300. These mills together have 70,000 spindles and one thousand looms. The turnover of mills during the year 2001-02 was Rs.73.27 crore as compared to Rs.I08.23 crore during 2000-01. Its production value during April to December, 2002 was about Rs.24 crore as against Rs.58 crore for the corresponding period of the previous year.

 

 

8.6       MAHARASHTRA STATE KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES BOARD

 

The Maharashtra State Khadi and Village Industries Board (MSKVIB) was incorporated in the year 1962 under the Bombay Khadi and Village Industries Act, 1960. The main functions of the Board are to organize, develop and expand activities of Khadi and Village Industries (KVI) in the State. The Board provides financial assistance to individuals, registered institutions and co-operatives. It also provides technical guidance and training to individual beneficiaries and makes arrangement in marketing of products of village industries, etc.

 

Details of financial assistance made available by various financial institutions and the State Government to KVI sector in the state are given in the following table:

 

Agency

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03 (Expected)

Loans

Grants

Total

Loans

Grants

Total

Loans

Grants

Total

Khadi&

Village

Industries

Commission

126

--

126

301

--

301

--

--

--

Banks*

2985

--

2985

3973

--

3973

646

--

646

State

Government

--

1276

1276

--

1348

1348

--

1067

1067

Total

3111

1276

4387

4274

1348

5622

646

1067

1713

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* These includes nationalized banks, co-operative banks and other financial institutions.

  Source.- Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2002-03.

 

Presently, 116 categories of industries are in the purview of the KVl sector. Under Artisan Employment Guarantee Scheme, employment opportunities were provided to 3.58 lakh artisans during 2001-02, as compared to 3.54 lakh artisans for the previous year. It is expected that during 2002-03, employment opportunities will be provided to 3.62 lakh artisans.

 

The Board is also implementing a special scheme of bee keeping in the Western Ghat Region of the state. The board had distributed 24,567 bee boxes up-to the end of 2001-02. From these bee boxes 3863 kg. honey was produced.

 

The physical achievements for entire KVI sector under all programmes of the board are given in the following table.

 

Year

Value of production in units assisted (Rs. crore)

Employment provided

(Artisans in lakh)

2000-01

1036

4.85

2001-02

1058

4.92

2002-03

(Estimated)

1076

5.02

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source  :  Economic Survey of Maharashtra, 2002-03.

 

8.7       MAHARASHTRA INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

 

The Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) was established in 1962 under Maharashtra Industrial Development Act, 1961 for commuting rapid orderly growth and developing industries in industrial areas in the State. The MIDC supplies developed plots with necessary infra-structural facilities like internal roads, water, electricity and other internal services to entrepreneurs in the industrial areas. The State Government is implementing following important programmes through MIDC, (1) Establishment of 61 Growth Centres covering entire State, (2) Establishment of Mini-industrial Areas to cover all the talukas in the State, (3) Establishment of 5 Growth Centres with assistance from the Central Government and (4) Setting up of 'Five Star' Industrial Areas at 10 centers as declared in the 'Industry, Trade and Commerce Policy, 1995' of the State.

 

The MIDC has constructed sheds in selected industrial areas. By the end of March, 2002, development of 264 industrial areas was allotted to MIDC, out of which 100 were large, 66 were growth centers (61 with State Government and 5 with assistance from the Central Government) and 98 were mini-industrial areas. As on 31st March, 2002, the total planned area of the MIDC was 87,634 hectares, of which 52,223 hectares (60 percent) area was in its possession. The total area of allotted plots was 18.1 thousand hectares. The total water supply capacity of MIDC was 1.941 million litres per day. The performance of MIDC in 2000-01and 2001-02 is given in the following table.

 

Item

2000-01

2001-02

Cumulative as at

the end of 2001-02

Plots carved out

1131

975

51856

Plots allotted

694

665

43048

Sheds constructed

60

24

4069

Sheds allotted

18

1284

4970

Units in production

534

513

23290

Units under construction

--

95

3274

Total investment in units (Rs. In Crore)

--

4805

22155

 

Source: Economic Survey of Maharashtra, 2002-03

 

8.8             DIRECTORATE OF HEALTH SERVICES

 

8.8.1       Introduction

 

The Directorate of Health Services (DHS) provide primary health care and family welfare services to the public at large and particularly to those living in rural areas. Various national programmes launched deliver primary health care services and help in developing rural health infrastructure. The stress was laid in health policy programmes implemented in providing preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative health care services through its CHCs/PHCs and District Hospitals. Maharashtra has one of the most extensive health systems in India as health care services are made available to the people at door steps and hence the State is considered as one of the best performing state in India in the matter of Health and Medical Care as it has achieved most of the targets set for the nation for the year 2002.

 

As far as infrastructure of health services is concerned, by the end of 200 1 there is a good network of 1768 Primary Health Centres, 9725 Sub Centres besides 1544 rural medical dispensaries and 1102 hospitals. Special clinics for implementation of various national programmes, such as, family welfare, TB, Leprosy, STD, AIDS, Malaria, Filaria, Control of Blindness, etc. provide health care services. A Medical Store Depot procures necessary medicines, drugs/equipment and machineries and distribute them to the hospitals/health centers under the control of DHS as per their requirements.

 

The implementation of all the national programmes, such as, Family Welfare, MCH, TB, Malaria and Other Vector Home Diseases, Leprosy, Control of Blindness and STD are headed by CMOs. The Institute of Nursing Education is headed by a Principal. The Primary Health and Community Health Centres are manned by Health Officers/Medical Officers and assisted by trained/qualified staff and para-medical staff. The sub-centers are looked after by Health Workers, while, RMDs are manned by Rural Medical Officer.

 

8.8.2       Achievement During 2000-2001 : The emphasis of the Public Health sector is on the consolidation of infra-structural facilities such as sub-centers, primary health centers and community health care centers, so as to reach health services to all comers of the state. More recently the emphasis has been given to mental health care. AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) control, cancer control and special health facilities in the tribal areas. The problems of malaria, gastro enteritis and other water born diseases are prevalent during monsoon season, particularly in tribal districts like Thane, Nashik, Dhule, Nandurbar, Amaravati and Gadchiroli. To control these and other diseases various programmes are being implemented in the state. By the end of 2001, there were Public and Government aided 1,102 hospitals, 1,544 dispensaries, 1,768 primary health centers and 9,725 sub-centers in the state implementing these programmes. These services have appreciably helped to improve the health standard of the people in the state, which is evident from the relatively low crude death rate (7.5)  and low infant mortality rate (48) for the year 1999 for Maharashtra State as compared with the rates of 8.7 and 70, respectively for all India.

 

8.8.3       National Programmes

 

Family Welfare:

 

The main objective of the family welfare programme is to stabilize population and improve quality of life of the people. The effective implementation of population control programme has reflected in the relatively low birth rate of 21.0 in the state as compared with that of 25.8 for All India for the year 2000. The percentage of eligible couples effectively protected by the various family planning methods under the family welfare programme was 60.9 as observed in the National Family Health Survey of 1998 (NFHS-2) in the state as against 48.2 for All India. Out of the total eligible couples in the state, 52.2 percent were covered under the sterilization methods.

 

Pulse Polio Programme:

 

The WorId Health Organisation has aimed at making the world 'Polio Free'. As a part of this, the Health Department of the Government of India decided to implement the pulse polio programme throughout the country. To eradicate polio throughout the country, in addition to the regular immunization programme, additional two oral doses of polio vaccine every year were administered to the children in the age group 0-5 years the years 1995-96 to 2001-02 except four doses during 1999-2000. During current year 2 additional doses to about 118 lakh children in the state were administered.

 

Special School Health Programme

 

Under this programme, medical check up of the students in standard 1 to IV is done every year. During the year 2000-01, such programme was taken up in November, 2000 and about 70 lakh students from 64,092 schools throughout the state were examined and primary treatment was given for minor illness and referral services were provided for major illness. An expenditure of Rs.2.31 crore is expected under this scheme during 2001-02.

 

Savitribai Phule Kanya Kalyan Scheme

 

As per the state's new population policy the scheme is modified with effect from 1st April, 2000. This scheme is applicable only for below poverty line families and having one or two daughters and no male child and accepting sterilization. This scheme is divided into two parts, under first part an incentive of Rs.10000 in the form of fixed deposit for 18 years in the name of daughter(s) is given to the couples with no male child accepting terminal method after one or two daughters. If beneficiaries couple has two daughters an amount of Rs.5000 will be provided for each daughters. Under 2nd part of the scheme an additional incentive of Rs.5,000 each for beneficiary daughter will be provided as a fixed deposit for five years who completes here schooling up-to Std. X and does not get married before 20 years of age

 

National AIDS Control Programme: The National AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) Control Project is a 100 per cent centrally sponsored scheme and is being implemented in  the country with the assistance from the World Bank. In the phase-I the project was sanctioned for the period September, 1992 to March, 1999. The phase-II project is being implemented in the state (except Brihanmumbai) through the Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society from April, 1999. The phase-II is also planned with World Bank assistance for a period 1999-2004.

 

During 2000-01 and 2001-02, the Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society (MSACS) received funds of Rs.8.53 crore and Rs.3 crore respectively. The Society has spent Rs.7.67 crore in 2000-01 and Rs.5.51 crore upto the end of December, 2001.

 

AIDS Control Programme for Brihanmumbai

 

Brihanmumbai, "Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society (MDACS) was established in July, 1998 by Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Mumbai being the economic capital of India, has maximum inflow of diversified population with layers of complexities. It has huge floating population. Considering this factor HIV/AIDS has become vibrant serious issue in Mumbai. More than 50 per cent of cases in the country are reported from Maharashtra of which more than 50 percent are from Mumbai.

 

Since 1999-2000 Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society received funds of Rs.23.37 crore. The Society has spent Rs.15.23 crore up-to the end of October, 2001. The MDACS is implementing this programme in collaboration with 13 NGOs at 13 different places in Brihanmumbai and has established 13 STDs centers and 16 Voluntary Test Centres for STDs. Similarly, MDACS has launched AIDS Awareness Campaign all over Brihanmumbai.

 

8.9             MUMBAI PORT TRUST

 

8.9.1       Structure and Functioning of the Department

 

Administrative Set-up:

 

The management and administration of the Mumbai Port Trust are carried out by the Chairman for and on behalf of the Board of Trustees constituted under the provisions of the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963. The Chairman is assisted by Deputy Chairman and Heads of Department.

 

For administrative convenience, working of the Port is divided broadly among the following departments. Each "Head of Department" who is appointed by the Ministry of Shipping, functions within the powers delegated to him under the provisions of the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963.

 

General Administration Department:

 

The General Administration Department functions as a Secretariat of the Port Trust and its other functions and responsibilities, inter-alia include personnel matters, labour issues, management of legal matters, security affairs, public relations, watch and ward, estate, inter departmental co-ordination and assistance to the Chairman/Deputy Chairman in day-to-day matters regarding information, direction and policy.

 

Traffic Department

 

Traffic Department is headed by the Traffic Manager. This Department is responsible for all operations connected with landing, receipt, storage, delivery and shipment of goods and documentation relating thereto, embarkation and disembarkation of passengers, control of traffic in Port Area, an terminal railway operations.

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Civil Engineering Department is headed by the Chief Engineer. This Department is responsible for all the Civil Engineering works being executed by the Port Trust. The duties of this department inter-alia comprise construction, maintenance and repairs of the quays/jetties, sheds, buildings, roads, railways, water supply drainage repairs, capital dredging and development of land acquired by the Port.

 

Finance Department

 

The Finance Department is headed by the Financial Advisor and Chief Accounts Officer. This Department is responsible for the preparation of budget estimates, investment of surplus funds, maintenance of accounts of income/expenditure, proposals involving finance, checking estimates for work, etc. Besides, the department arranges the internal audit of the various departments and carries out periodical verification of stores and inventories

 

Medical Department

 

The Medical Department is headed by the Chief Medical Officer. This Department looks after the Medical Services of the Port Trust

 

Mechanical Engineering Department

 

The Mechanical Engineering Department is headed by the Chief Mechanical Engineer. This Department looks after the operation and maintenance of Mechanical Ore Handling Plant, other cargo handling equipment and all other mechanical/electrical works of the port. This department is also responsible for acquisition, installation and maintenance of the Port crafts, locomotives, wagons, other items of machinery and automobiles. A fully equipped Mechanical/Electrical Workshop is maintained by this Department to cater to all the maintenance work.

 

Marine Department

 

The Marine Department is headed by the Deputy Conservator. This department is in-charge of all the navigation and marine conservancy services which include pilotage, berthing/un-berthing of vessels, marine surveys, salvaging operations, receiver of wreck, etc. The various crafts like mooring barge, tugs, survey/pilot launches, etc. are also manned and operated under this department. This department also carries out the maintenance dredging and is in-charge of the fire fighting and pollution control services and also communication services between ships and the Port.

 

Planning and Management Services Department:

 

This Department is headed by the Director. It is in-charge of the corporate planning, economic evaluation of future projects and plans, preparation of feasibility reports, and collection, compilation, analysis and maintenance of comprehensive data on traffic, shipping and utilization of port equipment and crafts, submission of management information, dissemination of information to Ministry and other agencies, traffic forecast, market surveys and trade promotion, Port's hinterland studies, inhouse training and human resources development, centralized record keeping system, library, information and publicity services.

 

Materials Management Department:

 

Headed by the Materials Manager, this Department is in-charge of procurement, stocking and inventory control of all the stores, materials, consumables required for Port Operations and maintenance including acquisition of spares for the Port's Mechanical Ore Handling Plant and floating crafts like, tugs, dredgers, launches, etc.

 

Cargo Handling Labour Department:

 

This Department is headed by the Chief Manager. The function of the Department is to ensure greater regularity of  employment to dock workers and to ensure that an adequate number of dock workers is available for the efficient performance of dock work.

 

8.9.2       Accidents Occurred During 2001 :

 

Sr.

No.

Causation

Fatal

Non-Fatal

Port

Area

Non-Port

Area

Port

Area

Non-Port

Area

1

Striking against object

5

--

40

--

2

Falling of object

--

--

3

Person falling

--

--

4

Others

--

--

Total

5

--

40

--

 

Cargo Handled in lakh tones during 2000-01 and 2001-02 at  MPT:

 

 

2001-02

2000-01

Coastal Cargo

81.3

88.2

Overseas Cargo

165.6

155.6

Total

246.9

243.8

 

 

8.10         JAWAHARLAL NEHRU PORT TRUST

 

8.10.1  Structure and Functioning of the Department

 

Administrative Set-up:

 

The management and administration of the IN Port Trust are carried out by the Chairman for and on behalf of the Board of Trustees constituted under the provisions of the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963. The Chairman is assisted by Deputy Chairman and Heads of Department.

 

For administrative convenience, working of the Port is divided broadly among the following departments. Each "Head of Department" who is appointed by the Ministry of Shipping, functions within the powers delegated to him under the provisions of the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963

 

General Administration Department:

 

The General Administration Department functions as a Secretariat of the Port Trust headed by Chief Manager (Administration and Secretary) and its other functions and responsibilities, inter­-alia include personnel matters, labour issues, management of legal matters, security affairs, public relations, watch and ward, estate, inter departmental co­ordination and assistance to the Chairman/Deputy Chairman in day-to-day matters regarding information, direction and policy.

 

Traffic Department:

 

Traffic Department is headed by the Chief Manager (Operations). This Department is responsible for all operations connected with landing, receipt, storage, delivery and shipment of goods and documentation relating thereto, embarkation and disembarkation of passengers, control of traffic in Port Area, and terminal railway operations.

 

Civil Engineering Department:

 

Civil Engineering Department is headed by the Chief Manager (PPD). This Department is responsible for all the Civil Engineering works being executed by the Port Trust. The duties of this department inter-alia comprise construction, maintenance and repairs of the quays/jetties, sheds, buildings, roads, railways, water supply drainage repairs, capital dredging and development of land acquired by the Port.

 

Finance Department:

 

The Finance Department is headed by the Financial Advisor and Chief Accounts Officer. This Department is responsible for the preparation of budget estimates, investment of surplus funds, maintenance of accounts of income/expenditure, proposals involving finance, checking estimates for work, etc. Besides, the department arranges the internal audit of the various departments and carries out periodical verification of stores and inventories.

 

Medical Department:

 

The Medical Department is headed by the Chief Medical Officer. This Department looks after the Medical Services of the Port Trust.

 

Mechanical Engineering Department :

 

The Mechanical Engineering Department is headed by the Chief Manager (Operations). This Department looks after the operation and maintenance of Mechanical Ore Handling Plant, other cargo handling equipment and all other mechanical/electrical works. of the port. This department is also responsible for acquisition, installation and maintenance of the Port crafts, locomotives, wagons, other items of machinery and automobiles. A fully equipped Mechanical/Electrical Workshop is maintained by this Department to cater to all the maintenance work.

 

Marine Department:

 

The Marine Department is headed by the Deputy Conservator. This department is in-charge of all the navigation and marine conservancy services which include pilotage, berthing/un-berthing of vessels, marine surveys, salvaging operations, receiver of wreck, etc. The various crafts like mooring barge, tugs, survey/pilot launches, etc. are also manned and operated under this department. This department also carries out the maintenance dredging and is in-charge of the fire fighting and pollution control services and also communication services between ships and the Port.

 

Planning and Management Services Department:

 

This Department is headed by the Chief Manager (PPD). It is in-charge of the corporate planning, economic evaluation of future projects and plans, preparation of feasibility reports, and collection, compilation, analysis and maintenance of comprehensive data on traffic, shipping and utilization of port equipment and crafts, submission of management information, dissemination of information to Ministry and other agencies, traffic forecast, market surveys and trade promotion, Port’s hinterland studies, in-house training and human resources development, centralized record keeping system, library, information and publicity services.

 

Materials Management Department:

 

Headed by the Chief Manager (Operations), this Department is in-charge of procurement, stocking and inventory control of all the stores, materials, consumables required for Port Operations and maintenance including acquisition of spares and floating crafts’ like, tugs, dredgers, launches, etc.

 

Cargo Handling Labour Department:

 

This Department is headed by the Chief Manager. The function of the Department is to ensure greater regularity of employment to dock workers and to ensure that an adequate number of dock workers is available for the efficient performance of dock work.

 

8.10.2  Cargo Handled at JNPT in lakh Tons:

 

2001-02                     :           225

 

2000-01                     :           186

 

8.10.3 Cargo handled at 48 minor ports in 2001-02 was 49.77 lakh tones as against 60.40 lakh tones during 2000-0 I.

 

8.11    DIRECTORATE GENERAL FACTORY ADVICE SERVICE AND LABOUR INSTITUTES (DGFASLI)

 

8.11.1  Introduction:

 

The Directorate General of Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) formerly known as Chief Adviser of Factories was set up in 1945 in Delhi, with the objective of advising the Central and State Governments on administration of the Factories Act and liaisoning of factories inspection services in the States. The office was subsequently shifted to Mumbai in 1966.

 

DGFASLI achieved significant importance as an attached office of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India serving as a technical arm to assist the Ministry in formulation of National policies on Occupational Safety and Health in Factories and Docks.

 

The Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act 1986 and the Regulations 1990 provide for Safety, Health and Welfare of dock workers. These are enforced by the DGFASLI through the Inspectorates of Dock Safety set up in all the major ports in India.

 

8.11.2  Functions:

 

-       Rendering advice and carrying out support research activities for the administration of the Factories Act. and the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act ,1986.

 

-       Co-ordinating technical and legal activities to facilitate uniform standards of enforcement of safety and health in manufacturing and port sectors.

 

-       Administering the Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986 and Regulations framed there under and enforcing them in the major ports of the country.

 

-       Educating and training employers and employees on matters relating to safety and health.

 

-       Conducting promotional activities by operating schemes for recognition of good suggestions under Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar and good safety performance under National Safety Awards on behalf of the Ministry.

 

-       Co-operating with International Agencies like ILO, WHO, UNDP and advising the Central Government in adoption of the international standards concerning safety and health.

 

-       Training of foreign nationals and rendering expert advice to developing countries.

 

-       Building Competence of enforcement agencies.

 

-       Issuing approval to flameproof electrical enclosures.

 

-       Collecting and disseminating information and material relating to safety and health.

 

8.11.3  Organisation

 

DGFASLI organisation comprises of the headquarters, the 5 Labour Institutes and 11 Inspectorates of Dock Safety.

 

-       Headquarters situated in Mumbai

 

-       Central Labour Institute in Mumbai

 

-       Regional Labour Institutes in Kolkata, Chennai, Kanpur and Faridabad

 

-       Inspectorates of Dock Safety at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Kandla, Mormugao, Tuticorin, New Mangalore, Cochin, Visakhapatnam, Paradip and Jawaharlal Nehru Port.

 

In 1959, the Central Labour Institute, Mumbai was established under UNDP Project as a socio-economic laboratory and as a national institute dealing with scientific study of all human aspects of industrial development. Subsequently, Regional Labour Institutes were established at Kolkata, Kanpur, Chennai and Faridabad to serve as Regional Centres.

 

The Labour Institutes are fully equipped with necessary laboratory facilities for conducting studies and surveys in the field of safety and health. The Institutes are also having conference facilities fully supported with modern audio-visual equipment. Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Centres are also established at these Labour Institutes. Apart from this Mobile Safety Exhibition Van are also available for taking the massage of safety and health to the doorsteps of factories. Training Centres and Safety Exhibition Centre are also established in some of the inspectorates of dock safety.

 

The Regional Labour Institute at Faridabad is under construction. It is being operated from a rented premise.

 

8.11.4  Staff Strength

 

The organisation is headed by the Director General and assisted by three Deputy Director Generals, two posted in Headquarters looking after Factory Advise Services and Dock Safety aspects; and one posted in Central Labour Institute. Each of the divisions at Headquarters and CLI and RLIs are headed by officers at the level of Director.

 

The manpower inventory of the organization as on Ist January, 2002 is 446 as against the sanctioned strength of 530, which include 182 Technical personnel in position as against the sanctioned strength of 231 and 264 Administrative personnel as against the sanctioned strength of 299. The posts at RLI, Faridabad are yet to be created.

 

8.12         NON-GOVERNMENT ORGANISATION (NGO)

 

8.12.1  NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL

 

Background:

 

The National Safety Council (NSC) was set up on the 4th March, 1966 by the Ministry of Labour through seven signatories

 

Objectives:

 

The overall objective of the NSC is to generate, develop and sustain a voluntary movement of Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) at the national level.

 

Structure:

 

It is managed by a 51 Member Independent Board of Governors headed by Chairman who is nominated by the Government of India. The NSC has 14 Chapters, 27 Action Centres covering 21 States and one Union Territory.

 

Activities: The main activities of the NSC are

 

*       Training: Specialised and In-plant

*       Conferences, Seminars and Workshops

*       Safety Audit, Awareness Survey and Consultancy Services

*       NSCI Safety Awards

*       Campaigns - National Safety Day/Week, Fire Services Week, World Environment Day

*       Projects - National Safety Calendar, HSE Diary

*       Publications, etc.

 

8.12.2  CENTRAL BOARD FOR WORKERS EDUCATION

 

Organizational Set-Up:

 

The Board has its headquarter at Nagpur. It operates through a network of 49 Regional Directorates and 9 Sub-Regional Directorates located in various parts of the country. There are four Zonal Directorates at Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai to monitor and supervise the training activities of the Regional Directorates in their respective zone.

 

The Board carries out its activities at three levels, viz. National, Regional and Unit and conducts various training programmes. The national level programmes are conducted by the Boar's apex training Institute called Indian Institute of Workers Education established in 1970 at Mumbai.

 

The primary aim of establishing the Indian Institute of Workers Education is to enable the Board to conduct national level training programmes for achieving its objectives, to develop stronger and more responsible trade unions, to promote the growth of democratic process in trade union organization and administration, to equip organized labour to take its place in a democratic society, to inculcate in them 'Nation First" approach based on community of interests.

 

The Institute serves as a demonstration and information center and acts as a nucleus around which specialized schemes for training and education to labour are evolved. It also serves as a clearing-house of knowledge for Regional and Sub-Regional Directorates of the Board. It conducts research in developing and perfecting methods and tools of teaching for Indian Workers.

 

The Institute is designed to function as an inter-disciplinary training center. Also draws experiences of foreign countries in implementation of workers education programmes and adapts them to fit in the Indian environment. It serves as a laboratory where certain experiments in the attitudinal changes are carried out.

 

Coverage:

 

Board's training programmes cover workers of organized, unorganized, rural and informal sectors. Supervisory and managerial cadres are also covered through Joint Educational Programmes. High-level self-financing seminars are also organized for top-level executives and Trade Union leaders

 

8.12.3 LOSS PREVENTION ASSOCIATION OF INDIA LTD. (LPA)

 

Introduction:

 

LPA is a non-profit organization having its headquarter at Mumbai and branch offices at New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad and Kochi Employs a team of professionals from various technological fields to carry out its activities. Many of the services offered by LPA can be availed by its associate members only.

 

Activities:

 

Engaged in promoting safety and loss control through education, training, seminars, workshops and consultancy. The training programmes are designed for supervisory and managerial personnel. Disseminate information through its quarterly journal - Loss Prevention News and Road Safety Digest.