MANAGEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH AT STATE LEVEL

8.1             Introduction

Management of safety and health at the state level is more complex than at the unit level.  At unit level the problems are relatively simple and unit specific depending upon the type of industry.  However at the state level the management of safety and health is not unit or industry specific and the instruments such as policies, legislation, etc. are required to be more comprehensive to take care of safety and health issues in all type  of occupations.  Apart from the Factories Act, 1948, there are other legislations for providing a better work environment, safety, health and welfare facilities. These legislations are enforced by various state government authorities such as the Chief Inspector of Factories, the State Labour Commissioner, etc.

Table No. 8.1.List of acts applicable/in force in the National Capital Territory of Delhi

A.        Labour Acts being implemented by the Labour Department

1.                  The Industrial Employment (S.O.) Act, 1046

2.                  The Factories Act, 1948

3.                  The Delhi Shops & Establishment Act, 1954

4.                  The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923

5.                  The Minimum Wages Act, 1948

6.                  The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

7.                  The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

8.                  The Trade Union Act, 1926

9.                  The Indian Boilers Act, 1923

10.             The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972

11.             The Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970

12.             The Bombay Lifts Act, 1939

13.             Sales Promotion  Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976

14.             The Inter-State Migrant Workers (RECS) Act, 1979

15.             The Bombay Smoke Nuisance Act

16.             The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

17.             The Payment of Wages Act, 1936

18.             The Working Journalists (Condition of Service & Miscellaneous provisions) Act, 1955

19.             The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986

20.             The Punjab Industrial Establishment (Casual, Sick Leave & Festival)  (as extended to Delhi) 1965

21.             The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

22.             The Labour Laws (Exemptions from furnishing returns and maintaining  register by certain establishment) Act, 1988

23.             The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961

24.             The Regulations for Licencing and Controlling place of amusement and performance for Public amusement Act, 1980

B.        Labour Acts being implemented by other Department

1.                  The Bonded Labour (System) Abolition Act, 1976 (Office of Deputy Commissioner, Delhi)

2.                  Employees State Insurance Act, 1948, (Directorate of Health Services)

3.                  Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952, (Office of the Provident Fund Commissioner)

There are different departments under various ministries of Central and State Government, NGOs and institutions working for the safety and health of the people at work.  Some of the important departments/institutions are as under :

 

INSPECTORATE OF FACTORIES OF LABOUR DEPARTMENT

The Inspectorate of Factories, Labour Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, enforces the following legislations pertaining to occupational safety, health, welfare, working hours etc. of workers working in factories covered under the Factories Act, 1948  and located within the N.C.T. of Delhi:-

1.         The Factories Act, 1948

The Factories Act, is a social legislation which has been enacted for  occupational safety, health  and welfare of workers at work places. This  legislation is being enforced by technical officers i.e. Inspectors of Factories, Dy. Chief Inspectors of Factories  who work under the control of the Chief Inspector of Factories and the Labour Commissioner. 

Applicability:-  It applies to factories  covered under the Factories Act, 1948. The industries in which  ten (10) or more than ten  workers are employed  on any day of the preceding  twelve months and  are engaged in  manufacturing process being carried out with the aid of power or twenty(20) or more than twenty workers are employed in manufacturing process being carried out without the aid of power, are covered under the provisions of this  Act.

Salient Features of the Act  are:-

1.                  Approval of Factory Building Plans before construction/extension, under the Delhi Factories Rules, 1950  .

2.                  Grant of Licences under the Delhi Factories Rules, 1950, and action against factories running without obtaining licence.

3.                  Renewal of Licences granted under the Delhi Factories Rules, 1950, by the Dy. Chief Inspectors of Factories.

4.                  Grant of "Certificate of Competency" to Persons/ Institutions for testing, examination, inspection and certification of equipments, such as, Pressure Plants, lifting machines, etc. in factories, by the Chief Inspector of Factories.

5.                  Inspections of factories by District Inspectors of Factories, for investigation of complaints, serious/fatal accidents as well as  suo moto inspections to check compliance of provisions of this Act relating to (i) health(ii) safety (iii) welfare facilities,(iv) working hours(v) Employment of young persons(vi) Annual Leave with wages.

6.                  Medical examination of workers engaged in dangerous/hazardous processes examination and certification of young persons by the Certifying Surgeon, in accordance with the provisions of this Act with a view to monitor occupational health of workers.

 

Administrative Machinery:-

The enforcement of this legislation is being carried out on district basis by the district Inspectors of Factories. After inspection, improvement notices are issued to the defaulting managements and ultimately legal action is taken against the defaulting managements.  The Inspectors of Factories file challans against the defaulters, conduct and defend them in the Courts of Metropolitan Magistrates.  The work of Inspectors of Factories is supervised by the Dy. Chief Inspector of Factories on district basis. The detail of Inspections/prosecutions during last 2 years  is enclosed as Appendix 'A'.

Penalties:-   This Act provides for a maximum  punishment up to two years and  or a fine up to Rs. one lakh or both.  Most of the challans  are being contested   with the result that the  Inspector of Factories are  most of  the time busy in the Courts in filing, conducting and defending challans filed by them. 

 

2.         The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989

These Rules have been framed under the Environment Protection Act, 1986 by the Government of India, Ministry of Environment.

Applicability :- These Rules apply to all workplaces in which the hazardous chemicals are manufactured or stored.

Administrative Machinery :-  The responsibility of the Inspectorate of Factories under these Rules is  to check  enforcement of this legislation  in  industrial installations covered under the Factories Act, 1948 .  In the NCT of Delhi, there are 13 Major Accident Hazard Control (MAH) factories.  The MAH factories are those in which the quantity of hazardous substance is more than the threshold limit prescribed under these Rules.

Salient Features of this legislation are:-

(i)                 Labelling of Containers containing hazardous substances.

(ii)               Developing Material Safety Data Sheets ( MSDS) of hazardous substance and making available to workers etc. and others.

(iii)             Preparation of On-site Emergency Plan for chemical disaster by MAH factories in consultation with the Factories Inspectorate, to carry out mock-drill and to modify and update from time to time.

(iv)              Preparation of Off-site Emergency Plan, for  the district, for chemical disaster,  by the Dy. Commissioner, with the assistance of Factories Inspectorate, and to carry out mock-drill and to modify and update from time to time.

(v)                Issue of Improvement Notices by  Factories Inspectorate and other authorities.

 

3.          The Chemical Accidents(Emergency Planning Preparedness & Response) Rules,1996. 

The Government of India , Ministry of Environment under the Environment Protect Act, 1996  has promulgated the Chemical Accidents(Emergency Planning Preparedness & Response) Rules,1996, to preparedness and response, during operation of On-site and Off-site Emergency Plans during  chemical disasters.

Administrative Machinery:-  Under these Rules "State Crisis Group" and "District Crisis Groups" have been constituted and the "Local Crisis Groups" are required to be constituted. 

 

(1) State Crisis Group  :- The Chief Secretary, Government of NCT of Delhi  is the ex-officio Chair-person of the State Crisis Group with Labour Commissioner-cum-Secretary(Labour) as its Member-Secretary  besides  Chief Fire  Officer and Chief Inspector of Factories  and  ten other persons  as members of the State Crisis Group, besides four  other co-opted members in accordance with  the provisions of these Rules .  

Functions of  State Crisis Group  :- The  major function of the State Crisis Group is to review all District Off-site  Emergency Plans in the State, with a view  to examine  its adequacy and  to assist the  State Government  in the planning, preparedness and mitigation during a  major chemical  accident, and  to continuously monitor the post-accident situation arising out of a major chemical accident in the State and  to forward a report to the Central Crisis Group .  The first meeting of the State Crisis Group was held on 8.8.2000 and second meeting    was held on 21.05.2001. In compliance with the decisions taken during the meetings, the Labour Department has published a Compendium giving list of experts and officials in the NCT of Delhi alongwith duties of various authorities during operation of an Off-site Emergency Plan. The State Crisis Group is required to meet   once in three months.

 

(2) "District Crisis Groups":- The Dy. Commissioner of the district is the ex-officio Chair person of the District Crisis Group with Inspector of Factories as Member-Secretary of the District Crisis Group.

 

Functions of the District Crisis Groups :-  is to assist  in the preparation of the district off-site emergency plan, review all the on-site emergency plans and assist the district administration in the management of chemical accident at a site and  continuously monitor chemical accidents. The District Crisis Group is also required to conduct one   full scale mock-drill of a chemical accident at a site every year and to forward a Report on the strength and the weakness of the Plan to the State Crisis Group.  The District Crisis Group is required to meet once in 45 days.

"Local Crisis Groups":- Under these Rules, Local Crisis Groups are also required to be constituted.  The "Local Crisis Group" is a body in the industrial pocket, to deal with chemical accident and to coordinate efforts in planning, preparedness and mitigation efforts during a Chemical accident. Its duties require preparation of Local Emergency Plan for industrial pocket dovetailing  of Local Emergency Plan, with the district Off-site Emergency Plan and to  train personnel  in chemical  management and  to educate the people( population) likely to be affected during a  chemical accident about the remedies and existing preparedness  and to conduct  at least one full scale mock-drill of a chemical  accident  at a site once in every six months and to forward a report to the District Crisis Group .  This group is required to meet once in a month.  The Local Crisis Groups have not been constituted so far.

4.   The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 .

Application :-  This Act is a central legislation, which provides maternity benefit to woman workers  and is applicable on factories covered under the Factories Act, 1948 . It also applies on shops and establishments in which ten or more workers are employed or were employed on any day of the preceeding twelve months.

 Important Provisions :-  The provisions of  this Act  shall not  apply to any factory or other establishment  to which the  provisions of Employee State Insurance Act, 1948 apply  for  the time being.  Since the factories covered under Factories Act, 1948 are also covered under Employees State Insurance Act, the Maternity benefit Act practically does not apply to the workers and employees of factories covered under these legislations.  In fact, the women employees of factories get maternity benefit from the Employees State Insurance Corporation under the Employees State Insurance Act, 1948.  The Rules have been framed under this Act, according to which Inspector of Factories is ex-officio Inspector of this Act in respect of factories registered under the Factories Act, 1948.

Recently on the recommendations of the Administrative Reforms Department, of Government of Delhi, a decision has been taken by the department to transfer the work of enforcement of this non-technical legislation from Factories Inspectorate to the Labour Inspectors and Inspecting Officers of the department, who enforce other labour laws. 

5.   The Payment of Wages Act, 1936

Application:-The  Payment of Wages Act, 1936 is central legislation which applies to the persons employed in the factories and to persons  employed in industrial or  other establishment specified in  sub-clauses (a) to (g) of   clause   (ii) of  Section  2 of this Act.  This Act has not apply on workers whose wages payable in respect of a wage period average Rs.1600/- a month or more.  Since the minimum wages in Delhi are much higher, this Act has become almost redundant in its present form.  The Ministry of labour has already initiated the process for suitable amendment of this Act.

 

Salient Features  :-

(i) This Act has been enacted with the intention of ensuring timely payment of wages to the workers and for payment of wages without unauthorized deductions.

(ii) The salary in factories/establishments employing less than 1000 workers is required to be paid by 7th of every month and in other cases by 10th day of every month.

(iii) A worker, who either  has not been paid wages  in time or an unauthorized deductions have been made in his/her   wages,   can file a claim  either directly or through a Trade  Union or through an  Inspector  under this Act,  before  with the Authority appointed under the Payment of Wages Act. The power for hearing and deciding claims under this Act has been vested with the Presiding Officer of a  Labour Court. 

Recently on the recommendations of the Administrative Reforms Department, of Government of Delhi, a decision has been taken by the department to transfer the work of enforcement of this non-technical legislation from Factories Inspectorate to the Labour Inspectors and Inspecting Officers of the department, who enforce other labour laws.

 

6.         The Punjab Industrial Establishment(National & Festival Holidays, Casual & Sick Leave,) Act,1965 as extended to the  NCT of Delhi)

Application:- The Punjab Industrial Establishment (National and Festival Holidays, Casual & Sick Leave) Act,1965 and the Rules made thereunder have been enforced in the National Capital Territory of Delhi  w.e.f. 1.1.1974.

Applicability:-  This Act is applicable on factories covered under provisions of the Factories Act, 1948 .

Salient Provisions:- 

(i)                 As per provisions of this Act, every employer is required to allow three National holidays and a minimum of four festival holidays in a year. 

(ii)               There is also a provision in  this Act for  of seven days Casual Leave in  and 14 days Sick Leave at half pay in a year.  However the workers entitled to sickness benefit under the Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 are not entitled for Sick Leave.  Since most of the factories are covered under Employees State Insurance Act, 1948, the Sick Leave provisions are generally no applicable on workers employed in factories. It has also been clarified in Section 14 of this Act, that nothing contained in this Act, shall affect any right or privileges, which any worker is entitled to receive under any other law, contract, custom or usage, if such rights or privileges are more favourable to him than those to which he would be entitled under this Act.

(iii)              This Act requires the maintenance of Register containing details of Casual and Sick leave availed by the workers. 

(iv)              There is also provision of mutual consultation between the management and the workers under this Act and Rules made there under for deciding the days to be observed as festival holidays in a factory.

 

Penal Provisions:-  The Rules framed under this Act provide for a punishment with a fine which may extend up to Rs.250/- only.

Recently on the recommendations of the Administrative Reforms Department, of Government of Delhi, a decision has been taken by the department to transfer the work of enforcement of this non-technical legislation from Factories Inspectorate to the Labour Inspectors and Inspecting Officers of the department, who enforce other labour laws.

 

Functions Of Inspectorate Of Factories

The Inspectorate performs the following functions, under the aforesaid legislations:-

This Inspectorate looks after the enforcement of laws governing occupational health, safety and welfare of workers in factories licenced /covered under the provisions of the Factories Act, 1948. The Chief Inspector of Factories is assisted by Deputy Chief Inspectors of Factories and Inspectors of Factories.  The Chief Inspector of Factories, who heads this Inspectorate works under the administrative control of Labour Commissioner cum Secretary (Labour) of Government of NCT of Delhi .

Statutory Approvals required to be obtained:-

1.   Approval of Factory building/ plans before construction/extension:-

The application is required to be made in prescribed Form No.1 accompanied by relevant documents.

2.   Grant of Licence:-

The application is required to be made in prescribed Form No.2 accompanied by fees specified in the schedule appended under Rule 5 of the Delhi Factories Rules, 1950, two copies of Factory Building Plans and other relevant documents. The licence shall be granted by the Chief Inspector of Factories  in prescribed  Form No.4 which shall be valid upto 31st December of the  year in which the licence is granted.

   3.   Renewal of Licence:-

             The licence under the provisions of the Factories act is required to be renewed by Deputy Chief Inspector of Factories /Chief Inspector of Factories  on payment of prescribed fees.  The fees payable for renewal of licence  per year is same as that for grant of licence.  The application is required to be made in prescribed in Form No.2. The application for renewal may be made for one year or five years at the discretion of the management of a factory.  In case of renewal for five years, the fees payable would be five times the fees chargeable for grant/annual renewal of licence.  The application for renewal is requested to be made at-least 30 days before the due date of expiry of the licence.  If the application for renewal duly completed in all respects is not received within the time specified above, the licence shall be renewed only on payment of fees 25% in excess fees ordinarily payable for renewal of licence.

      4.   Grant of exemption under working hour provisions of the factories Act, 1948.

5.   Grant of "Certificate of Competency" of persons/institutions for inspection and certification of equipments, such as, pressure plants, lifting machines, etc. in factories.

6.   Medical examination of workers engaged in dangerous/hazardous operations by Certifying Surgeon of the Department.

7.   Inspection of factories and Investigation of complaints on aforesaid legislations.

8.   Inspection of hazardous factories, and assisting the managements of factories in preparation of On-Site Emergency Plan and assisting the District Administration in preparation of Off-Site Emergency Plan, in accordance with the duties and functions assigned under the Manufacture Storage and import of Hazardous Chemical Rules,1989. and the Chemical Accidents(Emergency Planning Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996.  The Inspector of Factories is 0ex-officio Member-Secretary of the Distinct Crisis Group.  This Group is required  to hold periodical meetings at least once in 45 days.  The District Crisis Group is the Apex  body in the District to deal with major chemical accidents and provide expert guidance for handling accidents.  The Chief Secretary of the Government of Delhi is the ex-officio Chairperson and the Secretary(Labour) of Delhi is Member-Secretary, with Chief Inspector of Factories as member of the State Crisis Group besides other members.  This Group is required to meet periodically at least once in three months.  The State Crisis Group is the Apex body in the NCT of Delhi to deal with the major chemical accidents and to provide expert guidance.  The functions of these Groups are given in the Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness & Response) Rules 1996.

Besides the aforesaid statutory functions, the Inspectorate also implements Plan Scheme titled "Delhi Safety Awards" and "Delhi Shramik Sujhao Puraskar" Schemes and hold meetings of Awards Committee and Awards Distribution function every year.  These schemes aim at arousing Safety consciousness amongst managements and workers of Factories.

The Inspectorate is headed by Chief Inspector of Factories, who works under the administrative control of the Labour Commissioner-cum-Secretary (Labour), Government of N.C.T. of Delhi. At present, he is assisted by following technical officers besides supporting staff:-

1. Deputy Chief Inspector of Factories                   -           2

2. Certifying Surgeon                                                -           1

3. Inspectors of Factories                                        -           6

Duties, Functions and Work assigned to Technical Officers

Inspectors of Factories:-

i)                    Investigation of complaints and serious/fatal accidents and reply to complainants.

ii)                  Periodical inspections of factories to check compliances of legislations enforceable by the Inspectorate.

iii)                Inspection of hazardous and  Major Accidents Hazardous Factories for enforcements of duties assigned to this Inspectorate,

iv)                Issue of Notices after inspection, preparing challans against defaulters, filing and conducting them in the court till disposal,

v)                  Member-Secretary of the District Crisis Group of the District, for approval of On-Site Emergency Plans and Preparation of Off-Site Emergency Plan and other functions in accordance with the Chemical accidents(Emergency, Planning, preparedness and Responses) Rules,1996.

Duties and functions of Certifying Surgeon:-

i)                    Medical examination of workers engaged in dangerous/hazardous processes,

ii)                  Certification of age on non-adult workers.

Duties and functions of Deputy Chief Inspector of Factories :

i)                    To supervise of the work of Inspectors of Factories in  respect of districts assigned to them,

ii)                  Renewal of Licences granted under the Factories Act, 1948 ,

iii)                Scrutiny of factory building plans before approval by Chief Inspector of Factories ,

iv)                Scrutiny of applications and inspections of factories for grant and amendments on the licence,

v)                  Scrutiny of applications for grant of certificate of competency by Chief Inspector of Factories ,

vi)                To act as Member-Secretary of the ' Delhi Safety Award' and 'Delhi Shramik Sujhao Puraskar' Plan Scheme and all related functions,

vii)              To assist Labour Commissioner/Chief Inspector of Factories, in other functions which may be assigned from time to time.

The details of districts/functions assigned to officers/Inspectors of Factories are as under :-

 

Designation of the Officers

District allotted

Inspector of Factories

South-West

Inspector of Factories

South

Inspector of Factories

West

Inspector of Factories

North-West

Inspector of Factories

Central, North,

Inspector of Factories

New Delhi, East  & North-East

Certifying Surgeon

Whole of Delhi

Dy. Chief Inspector of Factories

South, Central, North,  New Delhi

Dy. Chief Inspector of Factories

North-West, East and North-East.

No. of Inspection and Challans made by the officials

Year

No. of Inspection

Challans filed

No. of challans realized

Fine Decided

1999

2488

87

309

Rs.8,62,000/-

2000

2490

234

115

Rs.8,82,000/-

7.            Inspection of hazardous factories, and assisting the managements of factories in preparation of On-Site Emergency Plan and assisting the District Administration in preparation of Off-Site Emergency Plan, in accordance with the duties and functions assigned under the Manufacture Storage and import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989. and the Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996.  The Inspector of Factories is ex-officio Member-Secretary of the Distinct Crisis Group.  This Group is required to hold periodical meetings at least once in 45 days.  The District Crisis Group is the Apex body in the District to deal with major chemical accidents and provide expert guidance for handling accidents.  The Chief Secretary of the Government of Delhi is the ex-officio Chairperson and the Secretary (Labour) of Delhi is Member-Secretary, with Chief Inspector of Factories as member of the State Crisis Group besides other members.  This Group is required to meet periodically at least once in three months.  The State Crisis Group is the Apex body in the NCT of Delhi to deal with the major chemical accidents and to provide expert guidance.  The functions of these Groups are given in the Chemical Accidents(Emergency Planning, Preparedness & Response) Rules 1996.

Besides the aforesaid statutory functions, the Inspectorate also implements Plan Scheme titled "Delhi Safety Awards" and "Delhi Shramik Sujhao Puraskar" Scheme and hold meetings of Awards Committee and Awards Distribution function every year. These schemes aim at arousing Safety consciousness amongst managements and workers of Factories.

 

DEPARTMENT OF EXPLOSIVES

The Department of Explosives with its headquarter at Nagpur is the nodal agency to look after safety requirements of the Explosives and Petroleum Sectors. Department of Explosives is headed by Chief Controller of Explosives. It has five circle Offices at Kolkata, Agra, Faridabad, Mumbai and Chennai and 18 Sub-circle offices at various places in the country. The Faridabad Circle covers the NCT of Delhi. 

With the overall objective of ensuring safety and security of public and property from fire and explosive, the Department as a statutory authority is entrusted with the administration of Explosives Act, 1884, Petroleum Act, 1934, Inflammable substances Act, 1952 and the following rules framed there under:-

Explosives Act, 1884

  1. Explosives Rules, 1983
  2. Gas Cylinders Rules, 1981
  3. Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 1981.
  4. Notification No. GSR 625(E) dated 07.08.1983 regarding Acetylene.

Petroleum Act, 1934

  1. Petroleum rules, 2002.
  2. Calcium Carbide rules, 1987.
  3. Cinematograph Film rules, 1948

Major activities and functions

·         To approve layout and construction plans/licensing for explosives manufacturing units and other installations with-in the purview of rules administered by it.

·         To control and monitor the sale and transaction of explosives through out the country.

·         To advise Port, Airport and Railway authorities in respect of transportation of explosives and other dangerous substances.

·         To impart training to police personnel, security and other officers in detection and safe handling of explosives.

The Department also acts as an advisory body not only to the Industry but also to the government land Government bodies like Ports, Railways,Surface Transport, Environment and Pollution control Board and Defence Establishments. The Chief Controller of Explosives is a Member in various Inter-Departmental Committees and Central Crisis Group constituted by Ministry of Environment and Forest.

 

CENTRE FOR OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

 

The center is located at LNJP hospital, New Delhi. The Occupational & Environmental Health at Lok Nayak Hospital has been set up by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi as a lead agency for:

Ø      Clinical management of occupational and environmental illness

Ø      Watching over occupational and environmental health concerns

Ø      Assessment of working conditions and environment to make work safer and for enhancing productivity

Ø      Training and education

Ø      Research on occupational and environmental issues impacting health outcomes

Ø      Informing and advising the government, industry, workers, and the community.

Activities

A.                 Clinic: Tuesday and Thursday

 

B.                Training :

Ø      Nodal agency for providing training on Biochemical waste management

Ø      Training and physicians and nurses

Ø      Short course on occupational and environmental medicine

Ø      Short course in occupational medicine and industrial hygiene

C.        Research

Ø      Hazards of Emerging Technologies, Chemicals, metals and solvent related health risks

Ø      Vehicular pollution

Ø      Health and safety of health care workers

Ø      Biomedical waste management and handling

Ø      Unemployment and health

Ø      Nutrition in workplace

Ø      Work related Musculo-skeletal disorder

Ø      Mental health and stress at work

Ø      Injury prevention and control

D.        Collaboration and Coordination

Ø      Union and State Ministries of Environment

Ø      Union & state Ministers of Labour

Ø      Division of occupational and environmental medicine, University of California, San Francisco & Center for Occupational Health, Berkeley, USA:

Ø      National & International workers Union

Ø      NGOs

 

E.         Information & Advise

Centre can advise stakeholders, NGOs and individuals both in community and   work setting on occupational and environmental health risks

 

 

F.         International Journal of Work, Environmental Health and Medical Waste (IHWEH MW)

The centre is finalizing modalities for the publication of an International Journal. A dedicated team of experts is directly involved in the launching of inaugural issue.

 

OIL INDUSTRY SAFETY DIRECTORATE

Oil Industry Safety Directorate is situated at New Delhi, is a technical directorate under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas that formulates and coordinates the implementation of a series of self regulatory measures aimed at enhancing the safety in the oil & gas industry in India.

 

Safety Council - To ensure proper implementation of various aspects of safety in the oil industry, Government of India decided to set up a “Safety Council” at the apex in January, 1986 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas as a special self regulatory industry agency for safety matters and procedures in respect of hydrocarbon sector.

Safety Council headed by the Secretary of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas as Chairman and include the Addl. Secretary, Joint Secretaries, Advisers in the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, the Chief executives of all the Public Sector Undertakings, oil industry, Statutory bodies such as the Chief Controller of Explosives, Director General of Mines safety, and Adviser (Fire) to the Government of India, Secretary, Central Electricity Board and Director General of Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes ad members.

The Safety Council is assisted by Oil Industry Safety Directorate headed by Executive Director who also acts as the Member Secretary of Safety Council. OISD is manned by a group of technical experts in the area of design, operations, maintenance, inspection, safety, environment, etc. drawn from 'oil industry.

 

Functions / Responsibilities -

The functions and responsibilities of Oil Industry Safety Directorate are as under:

ii)                  To oversee the implementation of all the decisions of the Safety Council.

iii)                To keep abreast of the latest design and operating practices m the area of safety and fire fighting hydrocarbon processing industry m the developed countries so as to develop standards and codes that would be suitable for the conditions in India

iv)                To liaise with the statutory organization on current views and developments and help evolve a concerted effort for the industry

v)                  To carry out periodic safety audits, review, suggest procedures for improvements and report on the implementation of the suggestions to Safety Council

vi)                To collect the relevant information and exchange it with the members of the Oil industry including information regarding near accidents, accidents and disasters occurring in the oil industry, and shall also organize industry meetings for exchange of experience

vii)              To carry out enquiries into accidents, whenever required and provide support to Enquiry Committees set up by the Government

viii)            To ensure implementation of all approved codes of practices for industrial hygiene

ix)                To review practice in the storage and handling of dangerous chemicals and ensure compliance with latest standards

x)                  To review disaster control procedures and company preparedness

xi)                To review inplant training programs with regard to safety

xii)              To specify critical drawings / layouts that need to be vetted by Safety Specialists at the design stage and carryout spot checks of design standards based on site audit findings to serve as feed back for establishing new standards at the design state.

xiii)            To review zoning regulations around installations and advise industry/State DICs.

 

Jurisdiction - The activities of hydrocarbon industry covered by Oil Industry Safety Directorate are as under:

i)                    Operations pertaining to Oil Exploration and Drilling, Crude Stabilisation, Gas Processing & Transportation

ii)                  All Refinery operations

iii)                Pipeline operations in the storage, transportation, distribution and marketing of crude oil and petroleum products

iv)                Processing of hydrocarbon for the production of bulk petrochemicals in the large scale sector

Major Activities-

i)                     Standardization: Standardization is one of the major activities of OISD.  It is required to keep abreast of the latest design and operating practices in the areas of safety and fire fighting in the hydrocarbon processing industry in the development countries, so as to develop standards and codes that would be suitable for the conditions in India.  OISD standards are generally reviewed every 4 years or earlier after first publication to incorporate the latest technological changes and experience gained in their implementation so as to update them in line with the current international practices.

ii)                   External Safety Audits : The External Safety Audits (ESAs) are conducted regularly to check compliance with respect to implementation of safety standards.  It also includes critical examination of all the components of the safety management system viz. Management Policy, management attitude towards safety, safety training, review of plant layouts, operating/ inspection/ maintenance procedures, emergency preparedness plans, usage of personal protective equipment, fire/accident records, fire protection systems, etc.

iii)                 Safety Awards :  Safety performance of the organization in the oil industry is being regularly evaluated through a Safety Award Scheme instituted by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.  Evaluation of performance is done by specially developed system base on total loss concept.  The safety awards are given in following categories :

                                                              i.      Refineries

                                                            ii.      POL Marketing Organisations

                                                          iii.      LPG Marketing Organisations

                                                           iv.      Oil & Gas Production Units

                                                             v.      Cross Country Pipelines

                                                           vi.      Lube Oil Blending Plants

                                                         vii.      Other Processing Organization

iv)                 Training Programmes /Workshop : Technical workshops covering entire oil industry are organized to discuss latest developments, sharing of experiences, etc.  Case studies on major incidents are presented/discussed to prevent recurrence of similar incidents

v)                   Dissemination of information:  The case studies, accident analysis and other information related to safety improvement are published and distributed to industry through OISD’s journals “PETROSAFE” and “Monthly NEWSLETTER”.

vi)                 Accident Reporting & Investigation: OISD maintains a database of accidents taking place in oil industry.  The analysis of these incidents is shared with industry to avoid recurrence.  OISD also investigates the major incidents.

 

DELHI FIRE SERVICE

The Delhi Fire Service came into existence in the year 1942' after amalgamation of 2 fire stations which were separately functioning under the control of Delhi Municipal Committee and New Delhi Municipal Committee. After the World War-lI, the establishment of Delhi Fire Service was approved as a provincial force.  At that time, Delhi Fire Service had in all 4 fire stations with 14 appliances and total staff numbering to 186 only.

After the partition of the country in August 1947 and subsequent disturbance, the inadequacy of fire service came to light and certain steps were initiated to improve the fire service. The fire station at Connaught Circus was built on modern lines in the year 1952. The radio communication was first time introduced in Delhi Fire Service in 1954.

There was no planned expansion carried out at any stage and some adhoc measures were taken to reinforce the fire service time to time whenever any big fire incidents occurred. In the year 1970, Delhi Fire Service had 14 fire stations including Training Centre and Headquarters. The total number of fire stations as on date has come to 34 with 2001 fire service personnel working round the clock. Three fire stations are in various stages of construction.

The administrative control of Delhi Fire Service, which was previously with Municipal Corporation of Delhi, rests with the Govt. of National Capital Territory of Delhi since 10th Nov. 1994. The fire service continues to make sincere endeavour by responding to 15000 fire/rescue calls per annum on an average to serve the people of the National Capital Territory of Delhi with the sole motto "WE SERVE TO SAVE".

Jurisdiction - The total area of National Capital Territory of Delhi measuring about 1484 sq.km. is given fire safety coverage by the Delhi Fire Service.  The fire units are sent to tackle the incidents fact that the area is under the control of any authorities like MCD, DDA, NDMC and Cantonment Board etc..

The Delhi Fire Service is divided into 5 divisions and 9 sub divisions for attaining operational efficiency. Each division is headed by a Dy. Chief Fire Officer assisted by Divisional Officer and Asstt. Divisional Officer. A Fire Station, depending upon the number of units, is headed by a Station Officer or a Sub Officer who is Incharge of the fire station. The details concerning number of officers and telephone numbers are as under:

SOUTH DIVISION - Areas Covered - Okhla, Nehru Place, Mathura Road, Bhikaji Cama Place, Chanakyapuri, Safdarjung.

WEST DIVISION - Areas covered – Janakpuri, Najafgarh, Kirti Nagar, Shankar Road, Prashad Nagar, Naraina.

CENTRAL DIVISION - Areas Covered - Connaught Circus, Head quarters, Rakab Ganj, Rashtrapati Bhavan, S.P.M. Marg, Teliwara, J.R. Road, Roop nagar

EAST DIVISION - Areas Covered - Shahadra, Laxmi Nagar, Geeta Colony, Daryaganj

NORTH WEST DIVISION - Areas Covered - Moti Nagar, Keshavpuram, Training Center, Tikri Kalan, Badli, Rohini, Bawana, Narela, Wazirpur

Receiving of calls- The Delhi Fire Service Works on a Centralised Mobilizing Scheme.  All the emergency calls made on telephone no.101 are received by 10 telephones having parallel lines provided in the control room at Head Quarters which is manned round the clock.  As soon as the call is received, the same is transmitted to the nearest fire station from the place of incident and pre-determined number of units are dispatched immediately. The wireless communication is available in all the fire stations, as well as on mobile units which helps in quick transmission of messages to the fire stations concerned. 

Fire Fighting Services – The Delhi Fire service does not levy any charges for fire fighting and rescue services provided to the community within the National Capital Territory of Delhi.  The department, however, recovers service charges if the fire engines are required to be sent outside the limits of NCT of Delhi. 

Fire safety during public/private functions– On request the fire safety cover in the public and private functions is provided by the Delhi Fire Service.  The fire engines are provided subject to the availability on prescribed charges which at present is Rs.3000/- per day or part thereof. 

Issue of fire reports- The public sometimes needs a copy of the fire report from Delhi Fire Service after the incident.  The report is issued by the fire report section of the Delhi Fire Service located at headquarters, Connaught Lane, New Delhi 110001. 

Issue of fire safety guidelines – fire prevention wing – The Delhi Fire Services issues fire Safety guidelines to the various agencies for which the cases are to be referred to Chief Fire Officer, Delhi Fire Service through the building authorities concerned or licensing authorities in line with the bldg. of laws/relevant code of practices.

In case of highrise buildings i.e. 15 meter or more in height, a questionnaire has to be filled and submitted by the architect alongwith the plans.  In order to avoid inconvenience all the information required in the questionnaire should be properly indicated.  The fire safety guidelines are generally issued within two weeks from the date of receipt of request if the relevant information is correctly provided.  The public is also advised to submit 3 sets of plans alongwith the duly filled in questionnaire and the building model.

The fire prevention wing is headed by the Deputy Chief fire Officer and assisted by a Divisional Officer and Station Officers.

Issue of No Objection Certificate – Once the guidelines have been issued by the fire deptt., the application for obtaining no objection certificate may be submitted to the Chief Fire Officer by the builder/ owner of the premises

The owners/builders are further advised to ensure the compliance of fire safety guidelines before they approach the Chief Fire Officer for No Objection Certificate. No inspection fee is levied by the fire service for such inspections or issue of NOC.  In case of  difficulty the matter should be reported to the Dy. Chief Fire Officer or the Chief Fire Officer. The Chief Fire Officer or Deputy Fire Officer may also be contacted in case there is any delay in carrying out the inspection or issue of fire issue of NOC after the inspection has been carried out etc.

The deptt. does not levy any charges for this job for the time being.

Training to general public – The fire service provides training facility at the Training centre or at the nearest fire station to the employees of the public sector undertakings. The training fee is levied for long duration courses but the same is free for the short duration courses.

Fire Precautions in Industries -  Owing to the rapid growth of industries, complexities of fire risk have increased enormously.  Incidents of such fire risk have increased enormously.  Incidents of such fires not only result in huge loss of property but also cause dislocation of work, loss of production, unemployment and so many other kinds of suffering.  If adequate fire prevention measures are taken the losses can be minimized.

Do’s

*           Store flammable liquids, gases, solvents, chemicals in stable racks, correctly labelled.

*           Keep chemicals in cool and dry place away from heat.

*           Where hazardous chemicals are used/stored, ensure adequate ventilation and prohibit smoking.

*           Maintain good house keeping. Ensure cigarettes are extinguished before disposal.

*           Use fuses and circuit breakers of correct capacity.

*           Before welding operation, all traces of flammable be removed to a safe
           distance.

*           Welding/Hot work should be carried out under proper fire watch

*           Keep all machinery clean and lubricate it to avoid friction and overheating.

*           Regular fire drills should be carried out.

Don’ts

*           Don’t smoke in prohibited areas.

*           Don’t place obstruction in means of escape.

*           Don’t use damaged cords and avoid temporary connections

*           Don’t plug too many electrical appliances in one socket

 

DELHI PRODUCTIVITY COUNCIL

Delhi Productivity Council is tripartite, autonomous organization registered under the Societies Registration Act (XXI of 1860) set up on March 23, 1959 at the initiative of the National Productivity Council (under the Ministry of Industry and with the active support of Government of Delhi)

 

 

Post Diploma course in Industrial Safety (Full time)

Objective – The objective of the one year post diploma course in Industrial Safety is to impart knowledge, skill and orient attitudes of the candidates to be able to shoulder the responsibilities in advising, coordinating, inspecting, investigating, reporting, promoting and training in the field of Industrial Safety and to  achieve effective control over work environment, work procedures and safety practices leading to maximum safety in industries.  Candidates possessing the one year post diploma course in Industrial Safety shall be eligible to be appointed as Safety Officer.  This diploma is approved by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), Ministry of Human Resource Development.  The examinations are being conducted and Diploma awarded by Board of Technical Education, Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.  The course is recognized under Section 40-B of the Factories Act (for appointment of Safety Officer) by Technical Board/Labour Department of Govt. of Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Goa , Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

 

SUSHRUTA TRAUMA CENTRE (GOVT.  OF NCT OF DELHI)

Sushruta Trauma Centre is located  at  Metcalf Road, (near I.P. College) Delhi. The hospital is having ultra modern and technologically advanced equipments and having 64 beds (and 5 private  rooms).

The hospital is round the clock open for Emergency cases. The total number of medical personal is 42 and 57 para medical staff personnel.

The hospital equipped with specialists in following areas:

1.  Neuro-surgery

2.  Orthopedics

3.  General surgery

4.      Anesthesia

5.      Medicine

6.  Radiology

All the diagnostic and trauma facilities available at Sushruta Trauma Centre are free of cost.

The trauma centre is designed to provide timely and appropriate care to the injured in road accidents, industrial accidents, falls, train accidents etc. The trauma team consisting of the doctors from all the different specialities are always ready  to provide immediate care to the trauma victims.  Very often  STC has been receiving mass casualties for which it has stand by beds stored in the basement of the building.  At the time of need these beds are taken out and put at available stretchable space  in the hospital premises and provide care to the needy patients.

Under the plan scheme, "Establishment of Integrated System for Trauma Care and Networking of Trauma Centers in the Capital City of Delhi" approved in 10th five year plan, Sushruta trauma centre is providing training  on trauma care to cats ambulance officers, sub officers under fire safety management academy, Rohini.  Very soon the "Emergency Management for Trauma Victims" course will be started for doctors working for Delhi government hospitals.