MANAGEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH

AT STATE LEVEL

 

 

8.1             INTRODUCTION

 

Management of safety and health at the state level is more complex than at the unit level.  At unit level the problems are relatively simple and unit specific depending upon the type of industry.  However at the state level the management of safety and health is not unit or industry specific and the instruments such as policies, legislation, etc. are required to be more comprehensive to take care of safety and health issues in all type of occupations. Apart from the Factories Act, 1948, there are other legislations for providing a better work environment, safety, health and welfare facilities. These legislations are enforced by various state government authorities such as the Chief Inspector of Factories, the State Labour commissioner, etc.

 

Education and training plays an important role in management of safety and health at state level and thus cannot be neglected.  Non-government organizations (NGOs), voluntary organization’s, institutions and agencies engaged in safety and health are contributing in their own way towards the objective for giving the workers a safe and healthy work environment.

 

Safety  and health at work is governed by a variety of statutes  in the state depending on the nature of work place, manufacturing activity and  specific  aspects  of safety and health.  Some  of  the  important statutes are given below :

 

  1.       The Factories Act,1948

  2.       The Andhra Pradesh Factories Rules,1950

  3.       Indian Boilers Act,1923

  4.       Dangerous machines (Regulations) Act,1983

  5.       Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulations) Act,1986

  6.       Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules,1989

  7.       Control of Major Accident Hazards Rules, 1993

  8.       Dock Workers(Safety, Health and Welfare)Regulations,1990

  9.       Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Rules, 1990

10.       Building and other Construction Workers Act, 1986

11.       Indian Electricity Act, 1923

12.       Indian Electricity Rules, 1966

13.       Indian Explosives Act, 1884

14.       The Petroleum Act, 1934

15.       Static and Mobile Pressure Vessels Rules, 1981.

Different departments of the Central Government and  the State Government  are entrusted with the responsibility  of  enforcement  of these statutes.  The efforts of the enforcement agencies are  also supplemented by other organization’s such as training and  research institutions,  employers associations, employees associations,  etc. in promoting occupational safety and health in the state. A brief account of these organizations is given in the following paragraphs.

 

8.2            REGIONAL LABOUR INSTITUTE, CHENNAI

 

8.2.1   Profile

 

The Directorate General Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) formerly known as the Office of Chief Advisor of Factories was set up in Delhi in 1945 under the Ministry of Labour, Government of India.  The Directorate General, Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) comprises Central Labour Institute, Mumbai, Regional Labour Institutes at Madras, Kanpur, Kolkatta and Faridabad.

 

The Regional Labour Institute, Chennai, was set up in the year 1960 with its Safety, Health and Welfare Centre located in a rented premises at Royapettah.  All the activities and facilities of the Institute were then consolidated in its own premises at No.1, Sardar Patel Road, Adyar, Chennai.

 

The Regional Labour Institute, Chennai is equipped in the following areas:

 

§        Industrial Safety

§        Industrial Hygiene

§        Industrial Medicine

§        Major Accident Hazards Control

 

8.2.2   Facilities Available

 

The facilities available in the Regional Labour Institute, Chennai are:

 

§        Industrial Safety, Health & Welfare Center

§        Mobile Safety Exhibition

§        Library

§        Auditorium and Conference Hall

§        Hostel

 

The Industrial Safety Division aims at Achieving improvement in the working conditions and safety standards of factories and Docks through training, consultancy, field studies, surveys and other promotional activities.  It has contributed to the following achievements:

 

Ø     Evolution of a Safety movement in the Country

Ø     Creation of national awareness on safety

Ø     Better Administration of the Factories Act through training of Inspectors of  Factories and technical support.

Ø     Inplant training programmes on Safety, Audits, Surveys and Consultancy studies are part of the safety activity of this Institute.

 

The Industrial Hygiene Division is basically concerned with the improvement of Industrial work environment and comprises of Industrial Hygiene Laboratory (IHL) with all equipment related, to the division.  The division undertakes various studies/surveys, national projects and training courses to protect the health of industrial workers through identification, evaluation and control of occupational health hazards and advises the management on ways to meet the requirements.  The division also organizes training courses in the areas of Industrial Hygiene for a specific group of industries.  These training courses are offered to safety officers, chemists, supervisors and middle level managers in the identification and assessment and control of occupational hazards in their factories.

 

The Industrial Medicine Division aims to prevent and contain health hazards at the workplace brought in by industrialization.  The hazards may arise from chemicals or from physical factors such as noise, heat, vibration and radiation.  Occupational health studies and surveys covering particular industries like asbestos, dye-stuff, cement, chemical, engineering and port are carried out to assess the incidence of occupational diseases.   Suitable recommendations such as medical surveillance, use of personal protective equipment, facilities for personal hygiene and first aid, etc. are made to prevent and control health hazards.  It also carries out training for medical officers and workers.  The laboratory attached to the division has facilities for medical investigation, including visual acuity tests, audiometric evaluation and pulmonary function tests.

 

The MAHC division offers the services of conducting training courses, seminars and workshops on MAHC for senior executives, trade union leaders, senior government officials, safety officers, worker members of safety committee.   Organize specialized training courses/workshops on Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) study, pipeline safety, safety in process control and safety audit.

 

Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Centre demonstrates methods, arrangements and appliances for promoting safety and health of workers.  The Centre has models and exhibits regarding safety, health and welfare in the form of properly guarded machines, personal protective equipment, safe methods of material handling, light and colour schemes and other arrangements, for propagating the message of safety and health at workplaces.  This Centre is opened to organized groups from industries and educational institutions.

 

Mobile Safety Exhibition:  The Mobile Safety Exhibition was set up to carry message of safety right to the doorsteps of factories and docks.  The exhibition van highlights the hazards in industrial processes, and the use of safety appliances and demonstrates the safeguards, which should be followed to prevent industrial accident.

 

The Workshop provides engineering support to the Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Centre and Mobile Safety Exhibition Van by way of production and maintenance of Exhibits and Models.

 

The Library has about 6000 books  and 2000 reports on the various disciplines dealt by this Institute.  The library, though primarily meant for the faculty of the Institute, is also referred by people from industry, and post graduate students of professional courses.  The Diploma students were allowed for reference and issue of books.

 

The Regional Labour Institute has an Art Section which is evolved in paintings of safety posters, maintaining the colour of safety equipment and other matter connected with the institute programmes.

 

The Institute has an Auditorium with a seating capacity of 300 persons is useful for conducting seminars, inaugural functions and all other functions by this Institute and given for other departments on request.

 

The Regional Labour Institute Hostel well furnished with rooms for are mostly occupied by the Diploma students, training participants and senior officers from Government Departments.

 

 

8.2.3         Diploma Course in Industrial Safety

 

The Diploma Course in Industrial Safety, a recognized Course by Directorate of Technical Education, Government of Tamilnadu, was conducted every year with a duration of 10 months.  Lectures supplemented by discussions, laboratory work, visit to industrial establishments, seminars, films.  On completion of the curriculum an examination is conducted by Board of Technical Examinations and successful candidates are awarded the Certificate.

 

The course is currently being conducted for the 23rd batch of students. So far, 757 students have undergone this course in 22 batches.

 

8.2.4      Activities

8.2.5                                

The institute undertakes training, research and consultancy activities in the field of Occupational Safety and Health. The details are given in Table-40.

TABLE - 40

Activities Of Regional Labour Institute (2003 - 2004)

Sl. No.

Activity

Achievements

No. of Organisations

No. of Participants

1.

Consultancy Studies / Surveys

16

16

-

2.

National Studies

1

-

-

3.

Diploma In Industrial Safety

1

27

26

4.

Seminar / Workshop

1

96

96

5.

Training Programmes

6

116

69

6.

In-plant training Programmes

6

210

35

7.

Appreciation Programme

39

875

32

8.

Mobile Safety Exhibition

8

8

4000


 

8.3            OFFICE OF THE DIRECTORATE OF FACTORIES, GOVT. OF ANDHRA PRADESH

 

Enforcement of Factories Act and Rules and other allied Acts is being monitored by the Directorate of Factories, Andhra Pradesh , Hyderabad. There is a MAH Cell functioning in the Directorate of Factories to monitor Safety & Health conditions in MAH factories as identified under MSIHC (amended) Rules, 2000 and the MAH cell is being supervised by the three joint Chief Inspectors of Factories in the Directorate under the overall control of Director of Factories, A.P., Hydrabad.

 

8.3.1         Organisational Set up

 

The administration and enforcement of various Acts by the Directorate is under the over all charge of the Director of Factories. The Director of Factories is assisted by 4 Joint Chief Inspector of Factories, 14 Deputy Chief Inspectors of Factories,    1 Senior Inspector of Factories, 35 Inspectors of Factories, 20 Assistant Inspectors of Factories, 5 Asst. Inspector of Factories (Superneumary) and 1 Deputy Statistical Officer.

The details of factory inspectors appointed in the state are given in Table - 41.

 

TABLE - 41

Manpower Of Directorate

(As On 31 December,2002)

 

S.

No.

Designation

Strength

 

Sanctioned

Working

1.

Director of Factories

1

1

2.

Joint Chief Inspector of Factories

4

4

3.

Dy. Chief Inspector of Factories

14

14

5.

Sr. Inspector of Factories

1

1

6.

Inspector of Factories

42

35

7.

Assistant Inspector of Factories

20

20

8.

Assistant Inspector of Factories (Superneumary)

12

5

9.

Statistical Officer

1

1

 

8.3.2 Activities

 

The various activities of the factory inspectorate are given the following paragraphs.

 

8.3.2.1                       Inspection Activities

 

The details of inspection activities carried out by the inspectorate for the year 2002 is given in Table- 42.

 

TABLE – 42

 

Inspection Activities Of The Directorate

 

Sl. No

Activity

Number

2001

2002

1.

No. of Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Factories inspected

15291

10330

2.

No. of Special inspections

1039

1424

 

 

8.3.2.2            Prosecution and Convections :

 

The details of prosecutions taken up and the convictions obtained by the department under Section 92 of the Factories Act, 1948 during the year 2002 are given in Table - 43.

 

TABLE – 43

 

Prosecutions And Convictions Under Section 92

 

S. No.

Nature of Offence

No. of convictions

1.

Employment and hours of work

a) General

b) Women

c) Young persons

 

129

1

12

2.

Notices, Registers and Returns

131

3.

Safety

168

4.

Health and Welfare

80

5.

Others

270

 

TABLE - 44

Under Section 92

 

No. of Prosecutions pending from previous year

No. of Prosecution

pending launched during the year

No. of prosecution decided during the year

 

No. of convic-tions

Penalty Imposed

No. of Prosecuti-ons pending at the end of the year

Imprison-ment

Total fine Imposed

1624

501

512

425

-

2130250

1613

 

8.3.2.3           Safety Promotional Activities

 

The Safety Training Programmes to the workers / Supervisors / Managements of the factories and interactive meetings are being organized by the departmental official.


8.4       CENTRAL BOARD OF WORKERS EDUCATION

        

Regional Directorate, Central Board for Workers Education, Hyderabad, is a tripartite society and was established in 1958 by Ministry of Labour, Government of India to undertake workers education activities.  The headquarter of the  Board is located at Nagpur, Maharashtra.

 

The main objectives of the Board are to conduct training programmes on topics which help to improve the quality of work life and to develop a  positive  attitude among all sections of employees.

 

The Regional Directorate is carrying out its activities through professional and education officers and is equipped with Library and training room facilities.  Monographs, periodicals etc. on Occupational Safety & Health are being published by the Regional Directorate.

 

Central Board For  Workers Education under Ministry of Labour, Govt. of India, organizes various Training Programmes for the Organised, Unorganised, and Rural workers to bridge the gap between Management and Trade Unions in developing Industrial Relations. Various training programmes like training of trainers, personality development, refresher course for trainers, need based seminar, special programme on quality of life for workers and their spouses etc. are organized by central board of workers education for the organised, unorganised, and rural workers.

 

8.5  National Safety Council of India, Andhra Pradesh Chapter

 

The National Safety Council, AP Chapter was formed in 1968 as a tripartite body for promoting industrial Safety and Health.  It has members which include safety professionals, Trade Unions, Corporate Managements and members of Factory Inspection Service.  The main objective of National Safety Council, AP Chapter is to promote safety awareness among the employees and managements through enlightenment, and to make managements provide facilities for safe production and increased productivity.

 

Activities Of Andhra Pradesh Chapter

 

Training Programmes

 

Council creates forums through seminars, workshops, safety talks etc. to deliberate on the matters of safety, exchange of lprofessional data, interaction among personnel at various levels.  It also publishes safety calendar and dairies emphasizing message of industrial safety every year.

 

Information Technology

 

To ensure easy and quick access to statutory provisions under various enactments, AP Chapter in collaboration with Factories Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh, brought out CD ROM with hyuperlinking and search engine facilities incorporating

 

o       All enactments being implemented by  Factories Department

o       All forms

o       Relevant Gos.

o       Guidelines for entrepreneurs

 

Required information can be got at click of mouse.  This effort us appreciated by all the concerned across the country.

CD ROM is updated and revised version is released in 2002.

 

Safety Competitions

 

National Safety Council, AP Chapter in collaboration with Factories Dept. Government of Andhra Pradesh is organizing competitions every year on the occasion of National Safety Day Celebration for factory employees, school children, ITI, Diploma and Engineering College students on the concept of Safety Health and Environment. In addition to the above essay writing competitions are also organized for housewives on domestic safety.

 

In addition to the above, Andhra Pradesh Chapter in association with Factories Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh organizes free training programmes for workers in regional language at Industrial Estates.

During the year 2002, the workshops on Safety Management are organized at Warangal, Kunool and Guntur. In addition to the above 39 In-plant training programmes, tailor made to the needs of the particular industry and participants are organized.  Out of the above 12 are free programmes organized for employees of small factories.

 

Publications

 

AP Chapter is actively engaged in propagation of safety by establishing a large library of Occupational Safety and Health related literature.  It has brought out safety literature in vernacular with cartoons as an emphasizing media.  The publications have reached far and wide.  It has published various books on safety.  Safety in cement industries, chemical industries, explosive industries, bulk drug industries, distillation units, safety training in industry, safety in use of chlorine are some among them.  It has also published booklets on road safety and LPG safety at home.

 

Andhra Pradesh Chapter publishes posters and slogans focusing safety aspects so as to remind everyone about safety.  These posters and slogans are brought out in English and Telugu.  During the year 2002, 450 students have participated in these competitions and 1000 entries are received from workers on painting, essay writing, slogan writing competitions.

 

8.6       Loss Prevention Association of India Ltd., Hyderabad:

 

Loss Prevention Association of India Ltd., Hyderabad with its headquarters at Mumbai is a twenty-five year old, a non-profit and Non-Government organization.  The Association was established in 1978 by the public sector general insurance companies  with a noble mission to create safe society and reduce national losses by way of fires, road accidents and industrial mishaps through education training and consultancy.  The main broad objectives of the association are :

 

§        To publicize cause and magnitude of losses and create an awareness of the need for loss prevention.

§        To provide education, training, consultancy and advisory services.

§        To build and maintain a data bank on loss prevention.

 

The Association works in the areas of Chemical Safety, Fire protection, Training & education, Work place inspection & Fire investigation. The Association regularly brings out publications on various aspect of safety covering fire prevention, material handling and road safety. 

 

Mass communication specialists provide able support in this effort by developing problem specific and highly acclaimed safety educational products that include safety journals, safety posters, bulletins and  films. The Association caters not only to the industrial organizations but also to the community at large by delivering community, domestic and school safety programmes to bring about a safety revolution right at the grassroots.

 

It also reaches out to the general public by way of public training programmes, Seminars, Conferences, Exhibitions an safety educational publicity through electronic and print media.

 

8.7             ANDHRA PRADESH PRODUCTIVITY COUNCIL

 

The Council has done several safety and  safety related surveys and programmes, some of which are mentioned  below:

 

TABLE - 46

 

Sr. No.

Name of the organization / factory

Activity performed

1

Allwyn Metals, Hyderabad    

·       Survey of the existing methods and practices

·       Occupational Hazards and Environmental Safety

 

2

IDL Chemicals, Hyderabad

·       Operational Safety and Safety Practices

3

APSRTC

·       Evaluation of the Occupational Hazards

·       Health and Safety Practices

 

 

In addition to the above the Council also conducts tailor made programmes on Industrial Safety, Good Housekeeping, Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health for Supervisors and Workmen at Prayagh Nutri Products, BHEL, ECIL, NTPC, Thermopads. The Council offers one year Post Graduate Diploma in Safety Management and Good Housekeeping course through distance learning under which it offers industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health as one of the papers.

 

APPC, Hyderabad is an autonomous non profit making body established in the year 1958 by Government of Andhra Pradesh promoting productivity awarenss in industries, service sectors, Government and Rural sectors through multifarious activities like ;

 

·       Technomanagement Consultancy

·       HRD and Training

·       Energy

·       Education through distance learning

·       Computers

·       Government Programmes and field level surveys

·       Rural Development – SGSY, SHGs, TCPCs, DWCRA etc.

 

 

8.8            THE SINGARENI COLLIERIES COMPANY LIMITED :

 

About the Industry:

 

The Singareni Collieries Company Limited is one of the largest public sector undertaking Coal Industry in South India.  Started with the First coal mine opened at Yellandu of Khammam District in Andhra Pradesh during the year 1889.

 

Now the coal mining operating have extended over four districts of Andhra Pradesh viz., Khammam, Warangal, Karimnagar and Adilabad.  As on date there are 12 open cast mines and 54 underground mines unearthing the black diamond.

 

The Singarenians:

 

There are 94,600 Singarenians working at the organization.  The health care is rendered through a net work of 40 dispensaries and 7 hospitals.  A total of 983 in-patient beds are made available at hospitals. All the medical centers are so located to be easily accessible both to the employees near the mines and to  their family members at the colonies.

 

The Medical Facilities:

 

The out patient and in-patient Medicare is rendered to the employees. These services are rendered totally free of cost including the investigations and medicines as well.

 

All the medical specialties are provided viz., General Medicine, General Surgery, Orthopaedics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Paediatrics, ENT, Ophthalmology, Psychiatry, Dental and Dermatology. The supportive branches are the Radiology, Ultrasonology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Histo-pathology, Clinical Laboratory and Blood Bank facilities are at the disposal of our beneficiaries. Super specialty consultations (Cardiology) are arranged at out hospitals. Corporate Medical care is provided through a panel of super specialty hospitals.

 

Occupational Health:

 

There are 9 Periodical Medical Examinations centers at the colliery areas, as a part of occupational Health services.  All the occupational health services are arranged at these centers as per the statute. These include complete clinical examinations by a qualified and specially trained doctors in reading chest x-ray as per ILO guidelines.  In addition to basic laboratory investigations, ECG, Pulmonary function test, audiometry, Blood sugar and Lipid estimations from the part of investigations. Depending upon the need the other specialty care is also arranged.

 

Occupational Health screenings:

 

The well-known occupational disease in coal mining industry is coal workers pneumoconiosis.  And all the employees are screened to detect this occupational lung disease once in 5 years.  This gap of 5 years is the minimum required periodicity for any earliest detectable changes to occur of the occupational lung disease.

 

Occupational Health Surveillance Scheme:-

 

       The occupational disease in the coal mining industry being the Coal Worker Pneumoconiosis, Pneumoconiosis Surveillance Scheme (PMSS) is in existence. With this scheme the employees who are detected to  be showing early changes suggestive of the Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis are kept in this scheme. Such an employees are medically examined every two years to know the progress of the changes, instead of routine examination every 5 years. This is because the early changes detected can also be seen in  conditions  other than the pneumoconiosis.

 

Computerization of Health data:- 

 

       All the health information of every employee attending the at the periodical medical examination are preserved in special latra-filing racks. The computerization of the health profile of every employee is already commenced. In due course of time it will be integrated with the hospital management system

 

The Occupational Medical Board:

 

An occupational medical board is constituted with the Chief of Medical Services as the president, the Radiologist and either the Chest Physician/Physician form the members of the board.  This medical board was recognized by the Govt. of AP in the year 1965.

 

Occupational injuries:

 

The Occupational injuries are broadly divided into Reportable injuries, Serious injuries and the fatal injuries. All the hospitals have the trauma care facilities round the clock. At times of necessity, the injured are referred to corporate super specialty medical care centers at Hyderabad. The data pertaining to the reportable and the serious injuries during the year 2002 are:

 

Year

Nature of injury Rate

(per 1000 persons employed)

Reportable

Serious

2001

60.09

1.15

2002

52.86

1.38

2003

49.98

0.78

 

Man days lost : The man days lost due to the accident injuries is ;

 

Sl.No

Year

Man days lost

01

2001

1,33,013

02

2002

1,15,287

03

2003

1,08,973

 

Occupational Diseases:

 

Health Education:

 

Health is best protected by promoting healthy lifestyles, health work practices and inculcating healthy habits.  This component is taken care by scheduled calendar of health education activities both at the mines and at employee colonies. This is a regular features with atleast two health education programs per month. The health education cover the preventive and promotive aspects on the diseases of local prevalence and those of behavior based illnesses.

 

Screening camps for early detection diseases is a regular phenomenon the organization.  The information and the number of beneficiaries of the screening camps is:

 

Sl.

No

Name of the screening camp

Beneficiaries

01

Cytology camp

25,548

02

Cardiac Screening camp

6,735

03

School health Camp

26,230

04

Hypertension

57,597

05

Diabetic

51,661

 

As a follow-up measure, the people detected to be having cataracts are operated with IOL implants free of cost.

 

        Thus a holistic occupational health services are present at the Singareni Collieries company Limited with an aim of protecting and promoting the health of the employees. Any other guidance / recommendation as suggested by the Directorate of mines safety will be implemented from time to be in compliance with the statute.

 

8.9  Office of the Regional Labour Commissioner (Central)

 

The organization of the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) or the Central Industrial Relations Machinery (CIRM) as it is often referred to, performs various functions which, inter-alia, include prevention and settlement of industrial disputes in industries, in respect of which the Central Government is the ‘appropriate Government’ under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947; implementation of the settlements and tribunal awards in the Central Sphere as also the recommendations of the Central Wage Board, administration of various labour laws to the extent which their administration is a Central responsibility, verification of membership of unions affiliated to Central Trade Union Organization of Workers and those operating in the nationalized banks and the State Bank of India and its seven associated banks, Ports and Docks and under Code of Discipline for the purpose of according representations in conferences/committees/ILO and of unions to determine the representative character for recognition under Code of Discipline of the Union.  It also undertakes investigation into breaches of Code of Discipline.

 

The Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) is also responsible for the enforcement of labour laws, such as the Payment of Wages Act 1936, the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946; the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, the Minimum Wages Act, 1948; the Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948; the Maternity Benefit Act 1961 in the Circus Industry; Hours of Employment Regulation framed under the Railways Act, 1890; the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965; the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970; the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972; the Equal Remuneration Act 1976 and the Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979 in their application to establishments falling in the Central Sphere. Besides, the C.L.C. © is also the implementing authority for Fair Wage Clause and MES Contract Labour Regulations.

 

8.10   Directorate Of Economics and Statistics

 

At apex level Directorate of Economics and Statistics is responsible for co-ordination of Statistical activities in the State besides collection, compilation, collation, analysis and dissemination of data pertaining to various sectors of the State Economy.  Thee is a large measure of  centralization  Statistical activities in this Directorate.  Major areas covered are Agriculture Statistics, Price Statistics, Estimation of State Income, Compilation of Index of Industrial Production and the State matching samples of the National sample Survey Organisation. In addition to these, Censuses like Land Holding Census, Census of State Public Sector Employees Economic Census and Minor Irrigation Census are being taken up Quinquennially within a definite time frame.

 

Industrial Statistics

 

The Industrial Statistics are presented under two parts, viz., i) Organised factory sector and ii) Unorganised non-factory sector.  The former covers all units registered under sections 2m(i) and 2m (ii) of the Industries Act, 1948 and the latter, all other (household and non-household) manufacturing units

 

8.11   Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board

 

The Government of Andhra Pradesh constituted the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 bifr G.O.Ms.No.27 Dt.24-01-76.  APPCB was established with effect from April 1976.  The Board started function with two Regional Offices in addition to the Head Office.  Subsequently, it has expanded its structure and personnel.

 

The Board is implementing the following Acts:

 

1)           Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

2)           Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act, 1984

3)           Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

4)           Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act, 1984

5)           Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

6)           Water Cess Act, 1977

7)           Water Cess Amendment Act, 1991

8)           Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991

9)           Environment Tribunal Act, 1997

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE BOARD

 

i.                   To bring about a clean and health environment for sustaining all life forms.

ii.                 To identify the causes of pollution in soil, air and water, and to take urgent

as well as appropriate measures to develop and implement  resources and waste management systems through participation of all stake holders.

iii.               To encourage the best practices in pollution control in terms of technology

Application and preventive methods.

iv.                To create an awareness among citizens on the dangers of environmental

Degradation.

 

Functions Of The Board

 

The functions of the Board are specified in section 17(1) of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 which are as follows:

 

a)                 to plan a  comprehensive programme for the prevention, control or abatement of pollution of streams and wells in the state and to secure the execution there of;

 

b)                 to advise the state government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or abatement of water pollution;

 

c)                  to collect and disseminate information relating to water pollution and the prevention, control or abatement thereof;

 

d)                 to encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems of water pollution and prevention, control or abatement of water pollution.

 

e)                 to collaborate with the Central Board in organizing the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programmes relating to prevention, control or abatement of water pollution and to organize mass education programmes relating thereto

 

f)                    to inspect sewage or trade effluents ,works and plants for the treatment of sewage and trade effluents and to review plans, specifications or other data relating to plants set up for the treatment of water, works for the purification thereof and the system for the disposal of sewage or trade effluents or in connection with the grant of any consent as required by this Act.  

 

g)                 Lay down, modify or annual effluent standards for the sewage and trade effluents and for the quality of receiving waters (not being water in an inter-State stream) resulting from the discharge of effluents and to classify waters of the State;

 

h)                  to evolve economical and reliable methods of treatment of sewage and trade effluents, having regard to the peculiar conditions of soils, climate and water resources of different regions and more especially the prevailing flow characteristics of water in streams and wells which render it impossible to attain even the minimum degree of dilution.

 

i)                    to evolve methods of utilization of sewage and suitable trade effluents in agriculture;

 

j)                    to evolve efficient methods of disposal of sewage and trade effluents on lands, as are necessary on account of the predominant conditions of scant stream flows that do not provide for major part of the year the minimum degree of dilution.

 

k)                  to lay down standards to treatment of sewage and trade effluents to be discharges into any particular stream taking into account minimum fair weather dilution available in that stream and the tolerance limits of pollution permissible in the water of the stream, after the discharge of such effluents;

 

l)                    to make, vary or revoke any order –

 

                           i.                   for the prevention, control or abatement of discharged of waste into streams or wells

                         ii.                   requiring any person concerned to construct new systems for the disposal of sewage and trade effluents ort to modify, alter or extend any such existing system or to adopt such remedial measures as are necessary to prevent control or abate water pollution;

 

m)                   to lay down effluent standards to be complied with by persons while causing discharge of sewage or sullage or both and lay down, modify or annul effluent standards for the sewage  and trade effluents.

 

n)                     to advise the State Government with respect to the location of any industry the carrying on of which is likely to pollute a stream or well;

 

o)                     to perform such other functions as may be prescribed or as may, from time to time be entrusted to it by the Central Board or the State Government.  The functions of the Board are specified in section 17 (1) of the Air (Prevention & Control of  pollution) Act, 1981 which are as follows:

 

1)                to plan a comprehensive programme for the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution  and to the execution thereof; 

 

2)                to advise the state government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution;

 

3)                to collect and disseminate information relating to air pollution;

 

4)                to collaborate with the Central Board in organizing the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programmes relating to prevention, control or abatement of air pollution and to organize mass education programmes relating thereto;

 

5)                to inspect, at all reasonable times, any control equipment, industrial plant or manufacturing process and to give, by order, such directions to such persons as it may consider necessary to take steps for the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution;

 

6)                to inspect air pollution control areas at such intervals as it may think necessary, assess the quality of air their in and take steps for prevention, control or abatement of air  pollution in such areas;

 

7)                to lay down, in consultation with the Central Board and having regard to the standards for the  quality of air laid down by the Central Board, standards for emission of air pollutants into the atmosphere from industrial plants and automobiles otr for the discharge of any air pollutant into the atmosphere from any other source whatsoever not being a ship or an aircraft.

 

           Provided that different standards for emission ma7 be laid down under this clause for different industrial plants having regard to the quantity and composition of emission of air pollutants into the atmosphere from such industrial plants.

 

8)                to advise the State Government with respect to the suitability of any premises or location for carrying on any industry which is likely to cause pollution.

 

9)                to perform such other functions as may be prescribed or as may, from time to time, be entrusted to it by the Central Board or the State Government.

 

10)           to do such other things and to perform such other acts as it may think necessary for the proper discharge of its functions and generally for the purpose of carrying into effect the purpose of this Act. 

 

 

8.12  Fire And Emergency Service Department

 

1.      EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:

 

The A.P. Fire and Emergency Services Department is headed by the Director General of Fire Services who is assisted by an Additional Director, 3 Regional Fire Officers and 11 Divisional Fire Officers.

 

The A.P. Fire and Emergency Services Department has 251 Fire Stations.    25 Fire

 

Stations sanctioned by the Government recently are yet to be opened. The following is the District-wise break-up:

 

 

Sl.

No.

Name of the District

No. of Fire Stations functioning

No. of Fire Stations sanctioned and yet to be opened

1.

Srikakulam

12

3

2.

Vizianagaram

9

2

3.

Viskhapatnam

11

2

4.

East Godavari

15

0

5.

West Godavari

13

0

6.

Krishna

21

1

7.

Guntur

13

0

8.

Prakasam

11

1

9.

Nellore

12

0

10.

Chittoor

15

0

11.

Cuddapah

12

0

12.

Anantapur

12

0

13.

Kurnool

12

1

14.

Mahaboobnagar

8

3

15.

Medak

8

2

16.

Nalgonda

10

0

17.

Nizamabad

6

2

18.

Rangareddy

6

1

19.

Warangal

7

1

20.

Khammam

7

3

21.

Adilabad

10

0

22.

Karimnagar

8

3

23.

Hyderabad

13

0

Total

251

25

 

 

8.13  The Federation of Andhra Pradesh, Chambers of Commerce & Industry

 

Origin

 

The Federation of Andhra Pradesh Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FAPCCI) is a State Level Apex Body of  industry, commerce and trade devoted to the cause of commercial and industrial development of Andhra Pradesh.  It was established in 1917 as the Hyderabad Chamber of Commerce & Industry and renamed in 1958.   Its membership is about 2800.

 

Conferences, Meetings & Representations

 

The Federation holds conferences, seminars & meetings for the benefit of members on latest development in the fields of economy, industry, investment, taxation and their procedures and the regulations.  The Federation invites top dignitaries and senior officials of the State and Central Government to address and interact with members on various problems of industry, commerce and trade. Representations are made to the authorities for seeking gainful solutions to the problems faced by industry and trade from time to time.

 

Labour Matters

 

Services of an Industrial Relations Specialist are made available to membes to advise them on resolving industrial disputes, enforcement of labour legislation i.e. Factories Act, Provident Fund, ESI, Bonus, Gratuity, Shops & Establishments, Minimum Wages, Workmen’s Compensation, Maternity Benefits, etc.  Changes brought about in labour policy and legislation are promptly brought to the notice of the members and on matters affecting them adversely, representations are made to Government at all levels besides meeting the Minister concerned, Secretary and Heads of Department. Wherever required, necessary legal help is obtained for taking steps collectively to safeguard the interest of members.

 

8.14  The Employers’ Federation Of Southern India

 

General

 

The sluggish world economy and its fall out on Indian economy continued during the year under review, though there were signs of recovery towards the end of the period. The Indian industries in general continued to face stiff competition from cheaper imports but nevertheless there were improvements in industrial protection and exports.  However, information technology and software industries in India continued their growth and sustained its position as one of the leading players in the world in that field.  Though the job growth in other industries was practically nil, this industry alone maintained growth in employment as well as substantial earnings from exports and its services.  The inflation rate according to the Economic Survey presented in  the Parliament was 4.4% compared to 2.6% for the same period last year and the economic growth was scaled down to 4.4% from 5.6% a year ago.

 

Labour Scene In India

 

As far as labour reforms were concerned much was expected out of the Recommendations of the Second National Commission on Labour submitted to the Government in June 2002.  The Commission  made some positive recommendations regarding creating new work culture, economic sufficiency and special problems of small industries and also extensive measures to be taken for the protection of unorganized sector of the labour.

 

Standing Labour Committee

 

The Standing Labour Committee traditionally settles the agenda for the Indian Labour Conference.  The Workers’ and the Employers’ Organisations were requested to furnish the suggestions in this regard.  The following four items have been considered for inclusion of any two of these in the agenda for the 38th Session of the Indian Labour Conference:

 

i.               Skill building and training with a view to improve employability.

ii.             Challenge of meeting the problem of sickness in the industry.

iii.           Social Security – Challenge for the unorganized sector.

iv.            Government policy of disinvestments.

 

 

ESI Medical Benefit Council

 

There was one meeting of the ESI Medical Council which considered matters relating to provision of medical benefits and other related matters.  Some of the important issues discussed by the Medical Benefit Council were:

 

-                Super-speciality service in select hospitals

-                Raising of capitation fee

-                Implementation of the project for prevention/control of HIV/AIDS

-                Provision of equipments, replacement as well, new to the various Hospitals and dispensaries, etc.

-                Expanding the scope of Revolving Fund

 

ILO-IPEC (AP State Based Project)

 

ILO – IPEC (AP State based)  Project is working for elimination of Child Labour.  Towards achieving the objective, APSBP selected Consortium of Employers’ Associations for the elimination of Child Labour (CEASE – Child Labour) as an implementing Agency to sensitise in general for the elimination of Child Labour in Andhra Pradesh. 

 

EFSI – AP Branch as one of the Executive Agencies has to take up the following activities among other things;

 

1.                To conduct a State Level Workshop of 23 districts for the members of EPSI.

 

2.                To conduct 10 Awareness-cum-Sensitization and Capacity Building Seminars in various districts for the elimination of Child Labour.

 

3.                To conduct and take up a Project in any industry in Andhra Pradesh for the elimination of Child Labour.

 

Towards this end and for successful completion of the above activities, EFSI – AP Branch has identified a Focal Point for Child Labour (FPCL), Mr. A.S. Prasad, Sr. General Manager (P & A), AGI Glaspac and advised him to complete the activities assigned to SFSI – AP Branch within the stipulated period. The support structure around FPCL is also selected with “Key senior Members” from HR field from member organizations.