FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON :
Major Accident Hazard
Diploma in Industrial Safety
Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazarous Chemical (MSIHC) Rules, 1989
Post Your Questions
Q. What is Hazard Operability Study ?
A. The application of a formal systematic
critical examination to the process and engineering intentions of new or
existing facilities to assess the hazard potential of mal-operation or
mal-function of individual items of equipments and their consequential effects
on the facility as a whole.
Q. What are source models ?
A. Source models represent the material
release process. They provide useful
information for determining the consequences of an accident, including the rate
of material release, the total quantity released and the physical state of the
Q. What are dispersion models ?
A. Dispersion models describe the airborne
transport of toxic/inflammable materials away from the accident site and into
the plant and community.
Q. What is explosion ?
A. The uncontrolled release of energy from
a flame front propagating through flammable medium and characterized by the
generation of heat, light and pressure.
Q. What is Risk ?
A. Risk is defined as a measure of
economic loss or human injury in terms of both the likelihood and the magnitude
of the loss or injury.
Q. What is risk assessment ?
A. Risk assessment includes accident
scenario identification and consequence analysis. Scenario identification describes how an
accident occurs. It frequently includes
an analysis of the probabilities.
Consequence analysis describes the damage expected.
This includes lose of life, damage to the
environment or capital equipments and days outage.
Q. What is Occupational Safety and Health
systematic, objective and documented evaluation of the occupational safety and
health systems and procedures
Q. What is Occupational safety and health
management system ?
part of the overall management system that facilitates the management of OSH
and risks associated with the business of the organization
Q. What is Maximum Credible Loss Scenario
(MCLS) study ?
is described as the worst “credible” accident or as an accident with a maximum
damage distance, which is still believed to be possible.
Q. What is flammability limits ?
concentration of a mixture of flammable vapor or gas in air (% by volume of
vapor to air) in which a flash will occur or a flame will travel if the mixture
Diploma In Industrial Safety (Adis) Course
Q. Can I get this course in the evening or
ADIS course runs during day (full time) from Monday to Friday (daily from 0930
hrs to 1800 hrs.)
Q. What is the exact duration of the
A. The entire course takes one year
Q. Can I pay Institute fee (Rs. 5000/-) by
A. No, Institute fees is to be paid in
full at the time of admission
Q. What is the job opportunity after passing
the course ?
is a statutory requirement for appointment of Safety Officer in Factory/Dock
Q. Can I do this course while continuing
my job in an office/factory, etc. ?
student is to maintain certain minimum percentage of attendance to sit in the
examination at the end of the course
Q. Can I do this course in Hindi or
Regional Language ?
the entire course is designed to run in English only.
Q. Can I do this course in correspondence
A. No, it is a full time regular course at
Central Labour Institute, Mumbai
Q. Can I do project work in an industry
other than where I am working ?
student will have to do the project work in an industry on the basis of actual
assignment given by the project guide.
Q. Is this course affiliated to the State
Government or AICTE?
course is affiliated to the Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education,
Q. Who conducts the examination and awards
Diploma certificate of this course ?
State Board of Technical Education, Mumbai conducts the examination and awards
certificate of this course.
Storage and Import of Hazarous Chemical
(MSIHC) Rules, 1989
types of industrial activities are covered under the MSIHC Rules ?
A. The following activities are covered
An operation or process listed in Schedule 4 carried
out in an industrial installation involving one or more hazardous chemicals
An isolated storage involving one or more hazardous
chemicals listed in Schedule 2, and
Pipeline for conveyance of a hazardous chemical other
than the flammable gas at a pressure of less than 8 bars absolute
Q. Which chemicals are covered under MSIHC
chemicals fulfilling the criteria given in Part I and/or listed in Part II of
Schedule I and chemicals listed in Schedule 2 and 3 are covered under MSIHC
does an occupier know that which provisions/rules are applicable to his
A. If one of the operations or processes
listed in Schedule 4 is carried out in a factory involving one or more
hazardous chemicals, an occupier has to first ascertain the category to which
his factory belongs i.e. whether the factory comes under lower-tier,
middle-tier or higher-tier because the requirements/ provisions are different
for different categories of factories
Q. Which are the three categories of
A. The three categories of factories are
given below :
wherein an operation/process given in Schedule 4 is carried out involving one
or more chemicals which satisfies any of the criteria laid down in Part I of
Schedule I and/or listed in Column 2 of Part II of Schedule I irrespective of
quantity of hazardous chemicals stored inside the factory, fall under this
wherein an operation/process given in Schedule 4 is carried out involving one or
more chemicals in quantities equal to or more than the quantity given in Column
3 of Schedule 2, fall under this category
Factories wherein an
operation/process given in Schedule 4 is carried out involving one or more
chemicals in quantities equal to or more than the quantity given in Column 4 of
Schedule 2, fall under the category
are the specific rules to be complied with for different categories of
Lower-tier 4, 5 and 17
Middle-tier 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15 &
Higher-tier 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,
14, 15 & 17
Q. What are the requirements under
A. Rule 4 : General Responsibility of the
To identify major accident
To prevent major accident and
the workers information, training and equipment
5 : Notification of major accident in Schedule 6
6 : Industrial activity to which rules 7 to 15 apply
7 : Approval and notification of sites in Schedule 7
8 : Updation of notification
following changes in T.Q.
9 : Transitional provisions
Rule 10 : Safety Reports/Safety Audit Reports with help
of expert : Safety
Reports in Schedule 8. Safety Audit every year
Rule 11: Updating of reports
under Rules 10
Rule 12: Requirements for
further information to be sent to the authority
Rule 13: Preparation of
on-site emergency plan by the occupier in Schedule 11(i). Authority to ensure a rehearsal of the plan
at least once in a calendar year
Rule 14: Preparation of
off-site emergency plan by the Authority in Schedule 12(i). Authority to
ensure a rehearsal of the plan at least once in a calendar year
Rule 15: Information to be
given to persons liable to be affected by a major accident
Rule 17: Collection,
development and dissemination of information in Schedule 9
Q. What constitutes a major accident OR
what is the definition of major accident?
accident” means an incident involving loss of life inside or outside the
installation, or ten or more injuries inside and/or one or more injuries
outside or release of toxic chemicals or explosion or fire or spillage of
hazardous chemicals resulting in on-site or off-site emergencies or damage to
equipment leading to stoppage of process or adverse affects to the environment
Q. Which type of factories are to be
notified and by whom and when?
occupier of middle or higher-tier factory should submit a written report to the
concerned authority i.e. the Chief Inspector of Factories of the State where
the factory is located in Schedule 7 at least 3 months before the commencement
of that activity.
Q. Who should notify the major accident
and to whom? What is the time limit for
notifying major accident?
occupier shall notify the major accident within 48 hours to the concerned
authority (the Chief Inspector of Factories in case of factory) and furnish
thereafter a report relating to the accident in Schedule 6.
Q. How does an occupier know whether he
has to prepare an on-site emergency plan?
the factory is middle or higher-tier factory, the occupier has to prepare
on-site emergency plan.
Q. What is the role of an occupier of a
major accident hazard installation in preparation of off-site emergency plan?
occupier of a major accident hazard installation has to provide such
information relating to industrial activity under his control to the concerned
authority i.e. the District Emergency Authority/District Collector as may be
required including the nature, extent and likely effects of site of possible
Q. How often a mock drill/rehearsal of
on-site emergency plan should be done?
A. The mock drill of the on-site emergency
plan shall be conducted every 6 months
Q. Who is responsible for conduct of mock
drill of on-site emergency plan?
A. An occupier is responsible for conduct
of mock drills of on-site emergency plan
Q. Who is responsible for organizing rehearsal
of the off-site emergency plan and what is the frequency?
District Emergency Authority /District Collector is responsible for conduct of
rehearsal of off-site emergency plan and the frequency is at least once in a
Q. Whether safety report and safety audit
report are needed for every MAH installation OR how does an occupier know
whether he has to get the safety report and the safety audit report prepared?
A. No. It is not required for every MAH
installation. The Safety Reports and
Safety Audit Reports are required to be prepared by an occupier of higher-tier
Q. What is the frequency of safety report
and safety audit report?
Safety Report shall be prepared in the prescribed format given in Schedule 8 at
least 90 days before the commencement of the activity. The Safety Audit should be carried out and
the Safety Audit Report shall be updated once in a year.
Q. What are the duties of the authorities?
A. The duties of the authorities are :
the industrial activity at least once in a calendar year
on compliance of Rules by the occupiers to the Ministry of Environment and
Forests, through appropriate channel annually
receipt of report on major accident, undertake full analysis of the major
accident and send requisite information within 90 days to MOE&F through
information regarding major accidents and make a available copy to MOE&F
through appropriate channel
in writing to occupier of any lacunae to be rectified to avoid major accidents
Approve the notification of sites within 60 days from the date of
receipt. Report if notices contravention
and issue improvement notice within 45 days of the receipt of the report
and keep up-to-date off-site emergency plan and ensure that rehearsal of
off-site plan is conducted once in a year.
Do a hand driven lifting equipment need certification
from competent person under article 29 of Factories Act?
Section 29 of the Factories Act deals with lifting
machines and lifting tackles which are defined under explanation. In our opinion hand driven lifting equipment
does not require certification.
Definition of “worker” under Factories Act 1948 &
Maharashtra Factories Rules? Whether
officers/executives are to be considered for calculation of the employment
strength with regard to recruitment of Welfare Officer under the Act?
Under the Factories Act, definition of “worker” is
clearly given. For the purpose of
calculation of employment strength, officers and executives etc. have to be
taken into account.
Q. Which type of establishments are
covered under the Factories Act?
A, The term “factory” is defined in
Section 2(m) of the Factories Act, 1948.
It means that in any premises if 10 or more workers are engaged in a
manufacturing process with aid of power or if 20 or more workers are engaged in
the manufacturing process without aid of
power such premises will be covered under the Factories, 1948
Q. Whether a child is allowed to work in a
A. The child below 14 years of age is not
allowed to work in any factory.
Q. Whether a woman is allowed to work in a
A. The women are allowed to work in any
factory except between the hours of 7 pm to 6 am i.e. women are not allowed to
work during night time. However, there
are certain operations/processes, which are considered hazardous. In such operations/processes women are not
allowed to work.
Q. What are the weekly hours of work in a factory?
A. No adult is allowed to work in a
factory for more than 48 hours in any week.
Q. What are the daily hours of work?
A. No adult worker is allowed to work in a
factory for more than 9 hours in any day.
Q. Which authority enforces the Factories
A. The Factories Act and the rules framed thereunder are enforced by respective states/UTs. through
the office of Chief Inspector of Factories under the Labour
Department of the State Government/UTs.
Q. Whether a place wherein
a manufacturing process are carried out with or without the aid of power
employing less than 10 or 20 workers respectively can be covered under the
A. The State Government is empowered to
declare that al or any of the provisions of the Act
shall apply to any place wherein manufacturing process carried out irrespective
of number of workers employed therein.
Q. Whether a workshop of a teaching
institute employing more than 10 workers will be in a factory?
A. The State Government may exempt with
certain conditions, in workshops whether manufacturing processes are carried
out for purposes of education, training, research or reformation from all or
any of the provisions of this Act.
Q. Whether the approval, licensing and
registration of a factory are compulsory?
A. Yes, It is compulsory. The approval, license and registration of a
factory is compulsory before starting the manufacturing process. The occupier of the factory should submit the
plan to the Chief Inspector of the State for approval. After the approval, the licensee will be
granted by the CIF and the factory will be registered.
Q. What are the various provisions to be
abided by the occupier of the factory?
A. There are many provisions, which are to
be strictly followed by the occupier. The
details are available in a publication known as the Factories Act, 1948. There are 120 sections divided into 11
chapters, which can be referred for detailed information.
How often is the workshop for Safety Committee Members
held and how many participants do you accept?
What are the fees charged, programme duration,
The workshop for Safety Committee Members is conducted
twice in a year. No. of participants
would be around 25-30 per batch. The fee
charged would be Rs.800/- (institute fee) + Rs.1200/- (course fee) per
participant (under revision). The
duration of the workshop is three days and the contents of the workshop would
cover the role of safety committee members in a participative forum.
What is the eligibility criteria for “Advanced Training Programme
on Occupational Health and Environmental Medicine for Medical Officers”? Where is it run, what is the duration of the programme? Is this a
follow-up course to the three-month programme that
DGFASLI organizes? How many applicants
do you accept and what is the course content of the programme?
Advance Training Programme
on Occupational Health & Environmental Medicine :
Eligibility : Doctors
with MBBS qualification
Duration : 2
No. of part. : Around
Fees : Institute
fee: Rs.1700/- Per participant (Under
fee: Rs.2800/- Per participant (Under
Contents : Lectures,
visits, discussions, films, laboratory
3 months Post Graduate
Certificate Course in Industrial Health
Eligibility : MBBS
degree – Completion of internship: registration with
Council of India and experience of 2 years in this
Duration : 3
No. of part. : 50
Fees : Institute
fee: Rs.1200/- Per participant (Under
fee: Rs.3000/- Per participant (Under
Contents : Lectures,
tutorials, demonstrations, visits, laboratory
exercises. A Project work is also to be done as a part
Selection : By
interviews of short listed candidates
Examination : At
the end of the course, the successful candidates will
awarded a certificate
What additional content does the course on “One month specialised certificate course for supervisors working in
hazardous process industries” provide beyond the Diploma in Industrial Safety
that is offered by DGFASLI. What is the
fee for this programme and how many applicants do you
accept? How many times each year is it
offered and which offices of DGFASLI offers it?
With regard to One Month Specialised
Certificate Course for Supervisors working the hazardous process industries,
there are no additional contents being provided beyond the contents covered
under “Diploma in Industrial Safety Course” conducted by this institute.
Eligibility : A
Bachelor’s degree with Chemistry or Diploma in
Engineering or Technology with not less than
Post Graduate Degree in Chemistry or a Bachelor’s
in Chemical Engineering or Technology with not
than two years experience.
Duration : 1
Periodicity : Yearly
part. : 40 (Not more than 5 applicants from a single organization)
Fees : Institute
fee: Rs.1000/- Per participant (Under
Course fee: Rs.1500/- Per participant (Under revision)
The experience stipulated above shall be in process operation and
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precise. Your questions will
be answered by OSH specialist and put up in the Frequently Asked Questions
do you wish to contact?
Central Labour Institute, Mumbai
Regional Labour Institutes, Chennai
Regional Labour Institutes, Kanpur
Regional Labour Institutes, Calcutta
Regional Labour Institutes, Faridabad
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