Labour Institute (CLI), Mumbai
was conceived by the Government of
India during the first five year plan as a centre for research,
training and consultancy on the various aspects of
industrial work related to the human
factor. The institute commenced its
activities in a rented building in 1961. On the 7th October 1954 the foundation stone of the CLI
building was laid by the first Prime Minister of India, Late
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. It was shifted to its present premises
in 1966 when the building was
inaugurated on the 9th February, 1966 by Late Dr.
Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the then President of India.
Dr.S.Radhakrishnan inaugrating the institute on 9th Feburary ,1966
Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of India laying the foundation stone of the
Institute on 7th October, 1954
Aim & Objectives
The activities of the institute are
geared to improve work methods and working conditions
so as to enhance the safety, health
and productivity of the industrial
workers and in general, his quality of
work life. In this endeavour, CLI interacts with the state factory
inspectorates, employers' associations, trade unions and professional
bodies and institutes concerned with the matter.
Further, the ILO/ ARPLA had designed the institute as a Centre of
Excellence for training in labour administration for Asian and Pacific
countries. It is the national centre of International Occupational Safety and
Health Information Centre (CIS, ILO Geneva) for India. Its activities are spread
all over the country with
main emphasis on the factories located in the western states of the
Divisions/Cells of the Institute
The Divisions in CLI are organised as below :
Facilities Offered at the Institute
The Central Labour Institute, Mumbai has the following facilities:
The Industrial Safety division aims at achieving improvement in working conditions and safety standards of factories and docks through
training,consultancy, field studies, surveys and other promotional activities. It has contributed to the following achievements:
- Evolution of a safety movement in the country
- Creation of national awareness on safety
- Development of infra-structure on safety at
national level through competence building
- Better administration of the
Factories Act through training of Inspectors of Factories and technical
International training in the field of safety for
Labour Administrators of factories from Asian Pacific and African countries.
Studies and Surveys:
National surveys are conducted for ascertaining the status
of working conditions and standards of safety in particular industries and operations.
Unit level studies are carried out
with the objective of assessing the safety related problems and
formulating recommendations for improvements. These studies also
help the management to take necessary
measures towards setting up safety systems, instituting safety programmes and achieving the goal of
better safety in their organisations.
Consultancy studies are undertaken at the request of the
management or government agencies like the Factory Inspectorates for studying
specific problems and rendering advice for corrective measures. The
national surveys and unit level consultancy studies become the source of technical inputs
while drafting Rules & Regulations and designing various occupational
safety and health intervention modules for target groups.
In keeping with its pioneering
role in the field of industrial safety, the division has been
conducting training for the benefit of foreign
delegates, comprising Factory Inspectors and Labour Administrators under various technical
co-operation schemes such as the Colombo Plan, Special Commonwealth
African Assistance Programme (SCAAP) and Commonwealth Fellowship for technical
Specialised training courses are conducted for identified
target groups such as Senior managers, Safety officers, Supervisors, Trade Union
officials, and Safety Committee members from the industry. Some of these courses are
- Testing and examination of lifting machinery, lifting tackles
and pressure vessels
- Safety audit
- Safety in chemical industry
- Safety management techniques
- Industrial ventilation and noise
In view of the need of
inspection of specific industries and major hazards control, specialised courses are also
conducted to impart necessary technical knowledge and skill to the Inspectors of Factories
In order to provide industries
and docks sector with qualified safety officers the division
division conducts one-year post diploma course in industrial safety.
The division has the following facilities:
- Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Centre
- Mobile Safety Exhibition
- Environmental Engineering Laboratory
The Industrial Safety,
and Welfare Centre demonstrates methods, arrangements and appliances
for promoting safety and health of workers. This centre has models and
exhibits regarding safety, health and welfare in the form of properly guarded machines, personal protective equipment,
safe methods of material handling, light and colour schemes and
other arrangements, for propagating the message of safety
and other health of workplaces. This centre is open to organised groups
from industry and educational institutions.
Mobile Safety Exhibition:
In order to carry the
message of safety right to the doorsteps of factories and docks, a mobile safety
exhibition was set up in the year 1974. The mobile exhibition, the first of its kind
in Asia, highlights the hazards in industrial processes, and the use of safety
appliances and demonstrates the safeguards, which
should be followed to prevent industrial accidents.
The exhibition van which was equipped
with a daylight film projection system also served as a quick and effective means for
creating safety awareness among the workers.
Environmental Engineering Laboratory:
The laboratory has instruments and equipment for studying
environmental engineering aspects such as noise, illumination and ventilation at the workplace.
Hygiene division is concerned with the improvement of industrial work environment and comprises Industrial Hygiene
Laboratory (IHL), Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (RETL) and Non-Respiratory Equipment
Testing Laboratory (NRTEL).
The division undertakes various
studies/surveys, national projects and
training courses to protect the health of industrial
workers through identification, evaluation and control of
occupational health hazards and advises the management
on ways to meet the requirements prescribed
in the Second Schedule (under
Section 41F) to the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987.
The RETL tests the performance and efficiency of indigenous respiratory personal protective equipment such as dust
respirators and canisters/cartridge gas respirators,etc.and advises manufacturers on improvements required
to meet prescribed standards.
The NRETL carries out the
testing of indigenous non-respiratory personal protective equipment such as safety shoes,safety helmets,safety goggles, eye protectors, etc. These personal protective equipment are tested as per the
specifications set by the Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS). Based on the test reports, technical advice and guidance on quality
improvement are suggested to the entrepreneurs and manufacturers. User
industries are also advised on proper selection, use, care
and maintenance of various personal
The division also organises
training courses in the areas of industrial hygiene for the specific group of industries given in the First Schedule, Section
2(cb) of the Factories (Amendment)Act,1987. These training courses are meant to help safety officers,chemists, supervisors and middle level managers
in the identification, assessment and control of occupational hazards in their factories.
Medicine division aims to prevent and contain health hazards at the workplace brought in by
industrialisation. The hazards may arise from chemicals or from physical factors such as noise, heat,
vibration and radiation.
Occupational health studies and surveys
on industries manufacturing asbestos, dyestuff, cement, chemical, engineering and
ports handling such products are
carried out to assess the incidence of occupational diseases. The division also runs a National
Referral Diagnostic Centre
to diagnose occupational diseases Suitable recommendations suchas medical surveillance, use of personal protective
equipment, facilities for personal hygiene and first-aid are made to prevent and control health hazards.
The division also carries
out training, two major ones being the training of factory
medical officers and workers on occupational health hazards and first-aid. It has also started a
three-month certificate course in Industrial Health for factory medical officers from March, 1993.The laboratory attached to the
division has facilities for medical investigation, including visual acuity tests, audiometric evaluation, and pulmonary
Referral Diagnostic Centre
Occupational disease assume a
significant dimension in any country and more particularly, in a
developing nation like India. There
is a considerable prevalence of common disorders like lead poisoning,
silicosis, asbestosis, pesticides poisoning, occupational hearing
loss, etc. among the industrial workers.
While the emphasis on the prevention,
early diagnosis and management of occupational diseases are well
accepted as the proven strategy equally important is facilitating for
confirming the cases of occupational diseases as these involve legal
recognition of this need and the fact that
such referral facilities are scarce in our country, a NRDC has been
established by DGFASLI in the Central Labour Institute.
Suspected cases of occupational
diseases are referred to these centers by Factory Medical Officers,
Medical Inspectors of Factories, Certifying Surgeons, Public
hospitals, etc. for opinion. The
cases are physically examined, subjected to investigations at the
institute and report is given by co-relating with the occupational
history before arriving at a confirmed diagnosis.
Physiology division undertakes research and development work as
well as consultancy services in the areas of Occupational Physiology and Ergonomics with a
view to improving working conditions and also suggesting work station design and
workplace layout to combat mismatch in the man-machine system. Research
studies carried out
by the division are in the following three major areas.
Work physiology - It concentrates on
physical work and its effects on man so that suitable work-rest regime for
various kinds of physical activities can be determined and so also select the right man
for the right job.
Environmental physiology - It helps
to identify and assess the impact of factors like heat, humidity, thermal
radiation and movement of air in the working environment so that limits of
heat stress for day-to-day industrial work can be stipulated and suitable remedial
Respiratory physiology - It determines the
effects of dust, fumes, toxic gases, etc. on the pulmonary functions and
work capacity of the exposed individuals and suggest remedial measures.
In the area of ergonomics the emphasis has
been laid on the collection of anthropometric data from different
regions of the country, which can be used in the design of work station, machinery,
equipment, tools, etc.
The division conducts specialised
training courses such as industrial ergonomics,
occupational stress and industrial heat, etc.
A pilot project on
supervisory training was organized in India by the International Labour Organisation in 1952. Encouraged by the results
of the pilot project and realising that such training is an essential requirement for the successful
implementation of the plans for the industrialisation of the country the Ministry of Labour, Government of
India set up the Training Within Industry (TWI) Centre in Mumbai in 1955 with the assistance of
the ILO. In keeping
with the changing trend of manpower training and development activities, the centre was later renamed as the Staff Training Division.
The division :
- conducts comprehensive supervisory trainer development
- helps industry to setup training and
development cells with persons trained by the division
- assists industry in institutionalising their
manpower training and development efforts by helping them formulate their training and development plans
Over a period of time the activities have
expanded to cover the training of management and trade union representatives to help
organisation, create a climate conducive for the development
of collaborative leadership and bring about improvement
in working conditions and productivity. Towards this end, new
courses for managers, supervisors, trade union
representatives and bipartite forums
covering socio- psychological and team building aspects have been developed
The division has embarked upon the
training of supervisory trainers in chemical
industries and trainers of dock workers to help organisations discharge their
training responsibility on safety and health aspects under the amended Factories Act
and the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations, respectively.
trainers, in turn, undertake the training of supervisors/workers on safety and
health aspects in their organisations.
The Industrial Psychology division is concerned with the assessment and evaluation of the nature of work, working
conditions and work organisation. By carrying out multi-disciplinary studies, surveys and
training courses, ways are sought for better management of human resources
to ensure safety, health and welfare of the employees.
The main areas of research are:
- Psycho-social aspects of safety management
- Employee Participation in Safety & Health at Work
- Assessment and management of Occupational
- Mental health in the industry
- Psychological testing
The division undertakes consultancy studies and conducts
training courses to bring about attitudinal and behavioral
changes among workers,
supervisors and senior managers in the areas related to safety and health at
workplace. Some of the training courses are:
- Managing stress at work place
- Counseling for safety and health
- Management of human factors in safety and health
- Participative approach for safety and health at work
- Psychological testing for selection and placement
- Handling problem behaviour of employees
division aimd at improving productivity vis-a-vis working conditions and promoting
co-operation between labour and management in industrial units. The above objectives are sought to
be achieved through training courses and consultancy projects. In consultancy projects
a management and labour project team is formed and the experts of the division
act as technical consultants and catalyst to the
Some of the courses conducted by the division are :
- Productivity techniques for effective employee participation
- Work study and wage incentives
- Wage & Salary Administration
- Office management
Man-power planning, job evaluation,
productivity improvement, organisation and methods and wage incentives
are some of the consultancy areas.
Major Accident Hazards Control
The Major Accident
Hazards Control Advisory (MAHCA) division was added to the CLI in 1987 as one
of the outputs of the ILO project
"Establishment and Initial Operation of Major Accident Hazards Control
System".The project was executed by the DGFASLI in
close collaboration with Factory Inspectorates of the various States and
Union Territories. Although the project was completed in December, 1990 the division
continues to provide important service for the control of major accident hazards in the
The important achievements are :
- Setting up of a 3-tier technical
organisation on Major Accident Hazards
Control (MAHC) at the national, regional and state levels.
- Preparation of Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards
- Training of Inspectors of Factories in the inspection
of major accident hazard installations.
- Development and publication of training manuals and
- Preparation of guidelines for inspection of chemical plants,
plans and safety reports.
The division offers the following services :
- Conducting training courses, seminars and workshops on MAHC
for various identified target groups,
namely, senior executives, trade union leaders, senior
government officials, safety officers and members of safety
- Organising specialised training courses/workshops on Hazard
and Operability (HAZOP) Study, Pipeline Safety, Safety in Process Control and Safety
- Conducting studies and surveys on
specialised areas of Risk Assessment,
division was set up to produce video films, audio visual
aids and preparation and publication
of booklets, pamphlets, leaflets, etc. on
occupational safety and health aspects to create public awareness. It
also provides audio visual facility to support various activities of
the organisation. It has plan to develop
computer aided instruction packages
(interactive video programmes) on safety and health.
The division comprises the following :
- Audio Visual Studio
- Art Section
- Film Library
Under the United States Agency for
International Development (USAID) Project on "Industrial
Safety and Health Development (IS&H)
programme", a modern Audio Visual Studio equipped with
the latest video equipment was set up at Central Labour Institute,
Mumbai. The studio has all the infrastructure facilities. It is manned by experts
to produce commercial quality U-matic video films on safety
and health. The studio also has the facility to transfer
U-matic video films on VHS format for use in various
training courses. These films will be made available
to those interested in propagating the message of safety and
health to all personnel in factories and docks.
studio produced a corporate image building film for the organisation and the films for
the port and small scale sector. Films on other sectors will be produced as an
on-going activity. In view of the fact
that self paced learning is gaining importance as an
effective training technique, greater emphasis will
be placed on the production of interactive video programmes in future.
produces visual aids to promote and create awareness on safety and
health under the guidance of subject experts. For this purpose the
section work for publicity materials like panels, posters
illustrations, paintings, models. etc. takes up the jobs of designing and printing
booklets, pamphlets/leaflets brought out by the organisation. It also provides creative support to the production of
The Film Library is quipped with overhead
projectors, automatic slide projectors, data projector, fax board, etc. to provide audio visual support to various training activities of
A number of latest still photographic cameras are available to provide photographic support to the activities of the institute.
It has a varied collection of video films covering safety, health, productivity and management
aspects in industry and ports..
The Central Labour Institute, Mumbai has the following facilities:
- Auditorium and Conference Rooms
Auditorium and Conference Rooms:
The Central Labour
Institute has an auditorium with a seating capacity for 300 persons. It has 3
air-conditioned conference rooms, fully equipped with audio visual aids. Two
conference rooms have a seating capacity of approximately 30 persons each and
one conference room for 15 persons. A fully furnished class room having a capacity of 60
students is also available.
The institute also has a well
furnished hostel with facility for catering to both the
international and national level participants.