The Directorate General of Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes (DGFASLI), formerly known as Chief
Adviser of Factories, was set up in 1945 in
DGFASLI achieved significant importance as an attached office of the ministry of Labour, Government of India serving as a technical arm to assist the Ministry in formulation of National policies on Occupational Safety and Health in Factories and Docks.
The Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act 1986 and the Regulations
1990 provide for Safety, Health and Welfare of dock workers. These are enforced by the DGFASLI through the
Inspectorates of Dock Safety set up in all the major ports in
DGFASLI organisation comprises of the headquarters, the 5 Labour Institutes and 11 Inspectorates of Dock Safety.
· Headquarter situated in Mumbai.
· Central Labour Institute in Mumbai.
Regional Labour Institutes
in Kolkata, Chennai,
Inspectorates of Dock Safety at Mumbai, Kolkata,
Chennai, Kandla, Mormugao, Tuticorin, New
In 1959, the Central Labour Institute, Mumbai
was established under UNDP Project as a socio-economic laboratory and as a
national institute dealing with scientific study of all human aspects of
industrial development. Subsequently,
Regional Labour Institutes are the scale down version
of CLI and were established at Kolkata,
The Labour Institutes are fully equipped with
necessary laboratory facilities for conducting studies and surveys in the field
of safety and health. The Institutes are
also having conference facilities fully supported with modern audio-visual
equipment. Industrial Safety, Health and
The DGFASLI headquarters at Mumbai maintains overall liaison with the labour institutes, frames policy, plans and executes the programme concerning the organisation on matters pertaining to safety, health and welfare of workers in industries and docks and implements technical projects and liaises with national and international agencies. The headquarters consists of the following divisions:
The Central and State Governments on related matters. The activities include interpretation of the provisions of the Act and the Rules, formulation of Model Rules, recommending amendments to the provisions of the Factories Act and the Rules whenever necessary, issue of technical guidelines, organizing and conducting training for Inspectors of Factories, recommending approval of flameproof equipment for use in the factories, review and comment on documents on safety and health from the International Labour Organisation and other international agencies and participation in international programmes.
A conference of the Chief Inspectors of Factories of the States is convened annually for the purpose of obtaining their views and suggestions regarding the changes that need to be made in the Act and Rules to meet the changing conditions brought about by new technology.
The division has also been organizing training for Fellow from developing countries under various technical assistance programmes of the government such as COLOMBO Plan, Special Commonwealth African Assistance Programme (SCAAP), etc.
The statistical cell under the division collects and compiles accident statistics and other information related to the administration of the Factories Act and Rules framed there under. This information base is used in planning and implementation of national policies concerning occupational safety and health. This information is also used to prepare replies to the various Parliament questions.
The office of the Chief Adviser of
Factories, presently known as DGFASLI drafted the Indian Dock Labourers Regulations, 1948 under the Indian Dock Labourers Act, 1934.
The Chief Adviser of Factories started administering the Regulations
from 1948 in the five major ports of Mumbai,,
Consequent to the recommendation of
the First National Commission on Labour (Gajendranagar Commission) a common comprehensive law on
safety and health of dock workers titled the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and
Welfare) Act, 1986 was framed and made applicable from 15th April, 1987. Under this Act a set of comprehensive
regulations called the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations
1990 was framed and brought into force with effect from
The DGFASLI is also entrusted with the responsibility of enforcing the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules 1989 framed under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986, in the port sector.
The main focus of the Dock Safety division is on:
· Administering the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986 and the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations 1990 framed there under involving administrative approval of decisions arising out of enforcement of the Statutes by the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety and fixing inspection priorities, etc. in all the eleven major ports.
· Proposing amendments to the existing Dock Safety Legislation.
· Enforcing the Environment (Protection) Act and the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 framed thereunder and the Marking of Heavy Packages, Act, 1951 and the Rules made thereunder.
· Planning and policy making.
· Advisory services to the Port Authorities, Dock Labour Boards, Stevedores and other employers of dock workers.
· Organising international training programmes for port officials from developing countries.
· Publishing Annual Reports on the administration of the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act and the Regulations framed thereunder.
enforcement function is carried out through the ten inspectorates located at
the major ports with their regional inspectorates in Mumbai,
· Inspection of ships, docks, loose gear, lifting appliances, transport equipment, etc.
· Investigation of accidents.
· Launching of prosecutions.
· Carrying out safety studies and surveys through a multi-disciplinary approach.
· Organising and conducting training courses on safety and health.
Rendering Technical advice to;
· The port authorities.
· Other employers of dock workers.
· Port users.
Safety Promotional activities;
· Organising / participating in safety promotional activities such as celebration of Dock Safety Weeks.
· Functioning as representatives of the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety on the Dock Safety Committees at ports.
The Awards division of DGFASLI,
Mumbai operates two national level awards Schemes namely National Safety Awards
(NSA) & Vishwakarma Rashtriya
The Awards division also provides technical support and secretarial assistance to the Prime Minister’s Shram Awards Schemes being operated by the Ministry of Labour & Employment. The objective of the Prime Minister’s Shram Awards Scheme is to recognize the workmen both from public and private sector organizations at the national level for their outstanding contributions, distinguished record of performance and devotion to duty of a high order.
The Central Labour
Institute (CLI), Mumbai was conceived by the Government of India during the
first 5-year Plan as a center for research, training and consultancy on the
various aspects of industrial work related to the human factor. The Institute commenced its activities in a
rented building in 1961. The first Prime
Minister of India, Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, laid
the foundation stone of the CLI building.
It was shifted to its present premises in 1966 when Late Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
inaugurated the building on
The activities of the institute are
geared to improve work methods and working conditions so as to enhance the
safety, health and productivity of the industrial workers and in general, his
quality of work life. In this endeavor
the CLI interacts with the state factory inspectorates, employers’
associations, trade unions, and professional bodies and institutes concerned
with the matter. Further, the ILO/ARPLA
has designated the institute as a center of excellence for training in labour administration for Asian and Pacific countries. It is the national center of International
Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS, ILO Geneva) for
The divisions in CLI are organized as given below:
· Evolution of a safety movement in the country
· Creation of national awareness on safety
· Development of infra-structure on safety at national level through competence building
· Training of Inspectors of Factories and technical support for effective enforcement of Factories Act, 1948 by providing latest techniques
· Arranging training for enforcement officials from the Developing Countries.
National surveys are undertaken to study the prevailing status of working conditions, standards and the level of safety performance in particular industries and operations as is necessary for planning.
Unit level studies are carried out with the objective of assessing the safety related problems and formulating recommendations for improvement for the benefit of the unit.
Consultancy studies are undertaken in the areas of Occupational Safety, at the request of the Managements or Government Agencies like Factory Inspectorates. The objective is to assess the deviation from safety norms and standards and recommending feasible corrective steps.
keeping with its pioneering role in the field of industrial safety, the
Division has been conducting training for the benefit of foreign delegates,
comprising Factory Inspectors and Labour
Administrators under various technical cooperation schemes such as Colombo
Plan, Special Commonwealth African Assistance Programme
(SCAAP), and Commonwealth Fellowship for technical co-operation and nominees
Specialized training courses are conducted for identified target groups such as Senior Managers, Safety Officers, Supervisors, Competent Persons, Trade Union Officials and Safety Committee Members from the industry. Significant courses are:
· Basic Course for Inspectors of Factories nominated by State Governments.
· Refresher course for Senior Inspectors nominated by State Governments.
· Testing and examination of lifting machinery, lifting tackles and pressure vessels
· Safety audit
· Refresher course for Safety Officers
· Training program for Trade Union Leaders
· Functioning of Safety Committees
· Safety Management Techniques and Loss Control in Industries
· Industrial Ventilation, Noise and Illumination Hazards
A One Year full time Advanced Diploma Course in Industrial Safety (ADIS) is conducted with the objective of providing qualified Safety Officers to the Industrial, Construction and Port Sectors to enable them to meet with statutory obligations.
The Division has the following facilities:
Industrial Safety, Health and
unique center for arousing awareness on Safety and Health. The Industrial
Safety, Health and
The Workshop provides engineering support to the industrial safety,
The Construction Safety division undertakes activities like collection of data related to manpower, accidents and dangerous occurrences in the construction sector of the country and training of managerial and supervisory personnel at the national and international levels with the assistance of international agencies, and workers’ and employers’ associations.
Safety and Health for Engineers working in Construction Industry
A two months certificate course on Safety and Health for Engineers working in Construction Industry is conducted. The objective of this course is to impart sufficient knowledge and information to combat the hazards associated with the construction industry and ways and means to overcome them.
The Industrial Hygiene division is concerned with the improvement of industrial work environment and comprises Industrial Hygiene Laboratory (IHL), Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (RETL) and Non-Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (NRETL).
The division undertakes various studies / surveys, national projects and training courses to protect the health of industrial workers through identification, evaluation, and control of occupational health hazards and advises the management on ways to meet the requirements prescribed in the Second Schedule (under Sction 41F) to the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987.
Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (RETL)
The RETL tests the performance and efficiency of indigenous respiratory personal protective equipment such as dust respirators and canisters/cartridge gas respirators, etc. and adviser manufacturers on improvements required to meet prescribed standards.
Non-Respiratory Equipment Testing Laboratory (NRETL):
The NRETL carries out the testing of indigenous non-respiratory personal protective equipment such as safety shoes, safety helmets, safety goggles, eye protectors, etc. This personal protective equipment is tested as per the specifications set by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). Based on the test reports, technical advice and guidance on quality improvement are suggested to the entrepreneurs and manufacturers. User industries are also advised on proper selection, use, care and maintenance of various personal protective equipment.
The division also organizes training courses in the areas of Industrial Hygiene for the specific group of industries given in the First Schedule, Section 2 (cb) of the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987. These training courses are meant to help safety officers, chemists, supervisors and middle level managers in the identification, assessment and control of occupational hazards in their factories.
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DIVISION
The Industrial Engineering Division is concerned with the improvement in the different industrial aspects such as Noise, Illumination and Ventilation at the work place. The division undertakes studies in the area of level of Noise, Illumination and Ventilation in the various industries.
The Industrial Medicine division aims to prevent and contain various health hazards at the workplace brought in by industrialization. The hazards may arise from physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and psychological factors at the place of work.
Occupational health studies and surveys covering particular industries like asbestos, dyestuff, cement, chemical, engineering and ports, are carried out to assess the prevalence of occupational diseases. The division also runs a National Referral Diagnostic center to diagnose occupational diseases. Suitable recommendations such as medical surveillance, use of personal protective equipment, facilities for personal hygiene and first-aid, etc. are made to prevent and control health hazards.
The division also carries out training, two major ones being the training of factory medical officers and workers on occupational health aspects and first-aid. It has also started a three-month postgraduate course in industrial health (AFIH) for factory medical officers from March 1993.
The laboratory attached to the division has state of the art facilities for medical investigations including visual acuity tests, audiometric evaluation, and pulmonary function tests etc.
The Industrial Physiology Division undertakes research and development work, as well as consultancy services in the areas of Occupational Physiology with a view to improving work and working conditions of industrial work environment.
Research studies carried out by the division are in the following three major areas:
In the areas of ergonomics the emphasis has been laid on the evaluation of work, workers & workstation, working environment, postural stress, psychological stress including bio-mechanics. The mis-match between man and machine being corrected with the help of anthropometric data from different regions of the country. Besides this, collection of anthropometric data from different regions of the country, which can be used in the design of workstation, machinery, equipment, tools, etc. The various repetitive motions along with various physical factors such light, noise, vibration, illuminations are also being studied and helps industries to maintain all those physical factors within optimum limit.
The division conducts specialized training courses (in-house as well as in-plant) such as industrial ergonomics, industrial fatigue, management of occupational stress, industrial heat stress and heat disorders, occupational back pain, anthropometry for work station design, physiological basis for manual material handling being offered from time to time etc.
The main objective of
the division is creation and operation of reference service on occupational safety
and health, to act as a
Major Activities being carried out by the division are:
Development of National Inventory
The division has
taken up the task of developing National Inventory on
Design and maintenance of DGFASLI website
In order to
disseminate information on OSH so as to reach the large work force, safety and
health professionals and agencies engaged in safety and health, DGFASLI
launched its website with the URL http://www.dgfasli.nic.in. This website is being maintained by the
division and since last four years of its launch it has received tremendous
response from the end-users based in
Databases on occupational safety and health
Databases in the area of Major Accident Hazard Installations, hazardous chemicals, national specialist, ship inspection, Parliament question, FAS proforma, Factories Act Amendment, Awards etc. have been developed
The division is also working on translation of International Chemical Safety cards in 3 Indian languages – Hindi, Tamil and Bangla. At present the first batch of 57 International Chemical Safety Cards in Hindi have been ported on to the website and are available for free download.
Publication of Quarterly Newsletter INDOSHNEWS
This quarterly newsletter is intended to reach to the people round the globe and bring about awareness in matters related to safety and health, highlight important issues, latest developments, current events in the area of safety and health It includes abstract on material safety data sheets, book reviews, finding of the studies and other relevant information on occupational safety and health training programmes. Till date 33 issues have been published.
CIS National Centre For India
The division operates
the CIS National Centre for
· Microfiche reference
· Awareness on current events
· Information access through CD-ROMs published by international agencies such as ILO, WHO, etc.
· MSDS – made available to the industry on request
· DISPERSION MODELS - The center provides support for developing dispersion models of accident release of gases and chemicals
The library has about 20,000 volumes on the various disciplines dealt with by the Institute. About 100 Indian and foreign journals are also available in the library. The people refer to the library from the industry and post-graduate students of professional courses besides the faculty of the institute
Digital library has also been started for the benefit of the end users to provide information available in electronic form. Information received from ILO, WHO, CCINFO, etc. have been included in the digital library and can be accessed from multi-locations over Local Area Network.
Abstracts of safety and health technical reports of the studies, surveys carried out by DGFASLI have been prepared. A national directory of organisation profile has been compiled.
The productivity division’s objectives are improving productivity and working conditions and promoting labour-managed cooperation in industrial units, thus contributing to quality of work life.
The above objectives are sought to achieve through training courses and consultancy projects. In consultancy projects a management-labour project team is invariably developed and the experts of the division work as technical consultants and catalysts to the team.
Some of the courses conducted by the division are as Public Training Programmes as well as Inplant Training Programmes:
Study on occupational health safety management systems (OHS-MS) based on international
labour organization (ILO) Guidelines and is
contemplating to design & develop special training programme
on OHS-MS for effective implementation of management systems (M.S.) in
occupational safety health (
Manpower planning job evaluation, productivity improvement, organization and methods and wage incentives are some of the consultancy areas.
STAFF TRAINING DIVISION
International Labour Organization organized a pilot
project on supervisory training in
The division --
The division is conducting Public/Inplant Training Programmes on the following topics:
· Personal Growth & Group Dynamics for Improving Health & Safety at Work.
· Effective Supervision for Results.
· Training Methodology for Trainers
Also the division conducts One Month Specialized Course in Safety & Health for Supervisory Personnel Working in Hazardous Process Industries. Under Section 41C(b) of the Factories Act 1948, as amended in 1987 has imposed specific responsibilities of the occupier in relation to the hazardous processes which states that every occupier of the factory involving any hazardous process shall appoint person who possess qualification and experience in handling hazardous substances and are competent to supervise such handling within the factory and the Chief Inspector may require the supervisor to undergo training in Health & Safety. Realizing the need of the course, the one-month Certificate Course has been started at to provide an opportunity to gain insight to safety system and procedures. After this course, the participants will be able to discuss/identify hazards and their control that will result in the great degree of risk reduction.
Over a period of time the activities have expanded to cover the training of management and trade union representatives to help organization, create a climate conducive for the development and productivity. Towards this end, new courses for managers, supervisors, trade union representatives and bipartite forums covering socio-psychological and team building aspects have been developed and conducted.
Further, to promote voluntary involvement of workers at the grass root level and for developing their capabilities in solving their job related problems, Quality Circle projects are undertaken.
The division has embarked upon the training of supervisory trainers in chemical industries and trainers of dockworkers to help organization discharge their training responsibility o safety and health aspects under the amended Factories Act and the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations, respectively. These training in turn undertake the training of supervisors/workers on safety and health aspects in their organizations.
The Industrial Psychology division is concerned with the assessment and evaluation of the nature of work, working conditions and work organisation. By carrying out multi-disciplinary studies, surveys and training courses, ways are sought for better management of human resources to ensure safety, health and welfare of the employees.
The main areas of research are:
· Psycho-social aspects of safety management
· Quality of work life
· Assessment and management of occupational stress
· Mental health in industry
· Psychological testing.
The division undertakes consultancy studies and conducts training courses to bring about attitudinal and behavioural changes among workers, supervisors and senior managers in the areas related to safety, health and welfare at workplace. Some of the training courses are:
· Managing stress at work
· Counseling for safety and health.
· Management of human factors in safety and health
· Participative approach for safety and health at work
· Psychological testing for scientific personnel selection and placement.
· Promoting well-being at the work place.
The Communication division has been set up to produce video films, audio visual aids and preparation and publication of booklets, pamphlets, leaflets, etc. on occupational safety and health aspects to create public awareness. It also provides audio-visual facility, centrally, to support the various activities of the organisation and is planning to develop computer aided instruction packages (interactive video programmes) on safety and health. The division comprises the following:
· Audio Visual Studio
· Art Section
· Film Library
Under the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Project on “Industrial Safety and Health Development (IS&HD) programme,” a modern Audio Visual Studio equipped with the latest video equipment has been set up at Central Labour Institute, Mumbai. The studio has all the infrastructural facilities. It is manned by experts to produce commercial quality U-matic video films on safety and health. The studio also has the facility to transfer U-matic video films on VHS format for use in various training courses. These films will be made available to those interested in propagating the message of safety and health to all personnel in factories and docks.
Presently a corporate image building film for the organisation and the films for the port and small-scale sector are under production. Films on other sectors will be produced as an ongoing activity. In view of the fact that self-paced learning is gaining importance as an effective training technique, greater emphasis will be placed on the production of interactive video programmes in future.
This section produces visual aids to promote and create awareness on safety and health under the guidance of subject experts. For this purpose, they create the artwork for publicity materials like panels, posters, illustrations, paintings, models etc. They take up the jobs of designing and printing booklets, pamphlets / leaflets brought out by the organisation. They also provide creative support to the production of video films.
The Film Library is equipped with overhead projectors automatic slide projectors, 16mm film projectors, VHS video camera, etc. to provide audio visual support to various training activities of the organisation. A number of latest still photographic cameras are available to provide photographic support to th4e activities of the institute and preparation of slides etc. It has a large and varied collection of 16mm and video films covering latest areas of safety, health, productivity and management aspects.
MAJOR ACCIDENT HAZARD CONTROL
The Major Accident Hazards Control Advisory (MAHCA)
division was added to the CLI in 1987 as one of the outputs of the ILO project
"Establishment and Initial Operation of Major Accident Hazards Control System".The project was executed by the DGFASLI in
close collaboration with Factory Inspectorates of the various States and
The important achievements are :
The division offers the following services :
The Central Labour Institute, Mumbai has the following facilities;
· Auditorium and Conference Rooms
The Central Labour Institute has an auditorium with a seating capacity of about 300 persons. It has 3 air-conditioned conference rooms, fully equipped with audio visual aids. Two conference rooms have a seating capacity of approximately 30 persons each and one conference room for 15 persons. A fully furnished classroom having a seating capacity of 60 students is also available.
The institute also has a well-furnished hostel with facility for catering to both the international and national level participants.
The Regional Labour Institutes (RLIs) located at Madras, Kanpur and Calcutta are scaled down version of the Central Labour Institute, Mumbai and are located in such a way that each institute serves one region of the country. These institutes are accordingly equipped in the following areas:
· Industrial Safety
· Industrial Hygiene
· Industrial Medicine
· Computerised Data Bank
· Major Accident Hazards Control
· Staff Training and Productivity
The facilities available in the Regional Labour Institutes are:
Industrial Safety, Health &
· Mobile Safety Exhibition
· Auditorium and Conference Hall
The Regional labour Institute,
The Regional Labour Institute,
REGIONAL LABOUR INSTITUTE, KOLKATA
The Regional Labour Institute,
REGIONAL LABOUR INSTITUTE, FARIDABAD
The Regional Labour Institute, Faridabad has been established under the Plan scheme during IXth and Xth Plan period. The building of RLI, Faridabad was inaugurated on 10th February, 2009. The Institute has its jurisdiction in the States of Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, J&K and U.T. of Delhi.
The Regional Labour Institute, Faridabad during the XII plan is being developed as Advance Cenre of safety sysems in the area of Occupational Safety and Health in MSMEs and Chemical Process Industries.
FUNCTIONS AND DUTIES OF DGFASLI ORGANISATION:
1. Rendering advice and carrying out support research activities for the administration of the Factories Act, 1948 and the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986.
2. Co-coordinating technical and legal activities to facilitate uniform standards of enforcement of safety and health in manufacturing and port sectors.
3. Administration of the Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986 and Regulations framed there under and enforcing these in the major ports of the country.
4. Educating and training employers and employees on matters relating to safety and health.
5. Conducting promotional activities by operating schemes for recognition of good suggestions under Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar and good safety performance under National Safety Awards on behalf of the Ministry.
6. Co-operating with International agencies like ILO, WHO, UNDP and advising Central Government in the adoption of international standards concerning safety and health.
7. Training of foreign nationals and rendering expert advice to developing countries.
8. Building Competence of enforcement agencies.
9. Issuing approval to flameproof electrical enclosures.
10. Collecting and disseminating information and material relating to safety and health.